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10 technological breakthroughs in 2013
2013 brought us a lot of interesting and promising achievements in all areas of technology. Before you pay, in my opinion, interesting moments, ideas and products that we have paid attention over the past year.
1. Google Glass
As with many things started Google, Glass waited very unusual welcome when points came on the market in February (limited edition). As associated with robots project Google, Glass embodies a bold attempt to implement a sci-fi concept. The idea of a computer that will always be with you, very ambitious, and several iterations later, the glasses can be very, very interesting. At this point it’s just a grand engineering feat in its embryonic stage.
2. One World Trade Center
When it comes to feats of engineering, no records will not do. However, 1 WTC not only distinguished by its 541-meter height and the title of the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. 1 World Trade Center is also distinguished by its stability, built from recycled materials, complete solar electric infrastructure, interior lighting that dims on sunny days, cooling based on rainwater, steam heating, and many others. The building opened in 2014.
3. Atlas: helicopter on the pedal rod
Competition for the helicopter on the pedal rod named after Igor Sikorsky was conducted in 1980 and all in vain. However, in June AeroVelo Canadian team took the prize , created Atlas, helicopter on the pedal rod, which stayed in the air for 64 seconds, scored a three-meter tall and fulfilled other criteria of the contest. In addition to winning the competition, this device has become a miracle engineer’s thoughts, and four other teams tried unsuccessfully to cope with this difficult task for all of 33 years old, only confirm this. Hardly it will change the world, but can be noted.
4. The first computer based on carbon nanotubes
In the world of electronics, carbon nanotubes are studied in the hope to replace silicon, which has already approached its limits of Moore’s Law and can not be the basis for smaller schemes. Fortunately, carbon nanotubes, their size and quality of semiconductors can afford it, whereby we can see the efficient and rapid computers are based on them. A very complex task, but a group of engineers from Stanford University recently created a processor core based on carbon nanotubes. Processor still not impressive (you can compare it with Intel’s 4004, 1971), but it will take time and will make the future of processors Core garbage.
5. Proizvodstvo in space
3D-printing has received too many honors this year. However, the company Made in Space has gone even further: 3D-printing in space. How many things are made for space today, encounters great limitations. Running one pound a NASA space costs $ 10 000. However, with the development of MIS it can be bypassed, as individual parts, tools and spare parts can be made directly on the 3D-printer on board the International Space Station. Made in Space asked a good course for the future.
6. High voltage direct current supernets
Transmission of electricity from renewable sources in distant centers of consumption in the past has always been a problem, but in early 2013 to develop technology for the transmission of high-voltage supernetting DC reached a point when it is possible to transmit electricity at the incredible distance with incredible efficiency. Supernet can link distant cities, the national grid, and even continents, becoming the basis for the global energy market that can supply energy in abundance wherever you may be.
7. Medical devices controlled by thought
Sounds fantastic, but advances in interface types, brain-computer resulted in a number of innovative medical devices controlled by thought. One example was the wheelchair that can be controlled by thought and that gives you completely paralyzed patients reasonable mobility. Another example – a fully working and controlled by the brain prosthetic arm. Devices are programmed to recognize specific brain waves and respond accordingly, and thus can open a lot of doors in all areas of medical technology and, of course, give certain bonuses patients.
8. Project autonomous movement «Drive Me» from Volvo
Cars without drivers begin gradually spread around the world, and Volvo was one of the main initiators of this movement. The company’s goal – to reduce the number of fatal accidents to zero. The project will produce 100 Drive Me autonomous Volvo XC90 on the road to the Swedish Gothenburg 2017.
Superstrong and ultra-efficient two-dimensional material has been discussed for a long time. Graphene has the potential to completely replace silicon in semiconductors, as well as form the basis of a host of other applications. In September, Stanford University created a graphene ribbons on the basis of the DNA strands and combined them with transistors, thereby bringing us to an ambitious future. If large-scale production gathers enough power, we in the shortest time owning a powerful and highly efficient electronics.
10. Grasshopper from SpaceX
SpaceX – is the brainchild of CEO Tesla Motors, Elon Musk, and the company’s mission is simple: to give people the opportunity to live on other planets. In October, SpaceX has tested Grasshopper, reusable rocket that takes off, maneuvering, and sits down again soars. The rocket flew a kilometer into the atmosphere, and after returned and landed safely on the ground. A very important step for us and humanity in general.
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Tags: SpaceX , Graphene , Medicine .
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