5 future technologies that will change people’s




5 future technologies that will change people’s


Every time you go outside of the city, you see a lot of people who are so passionate about their smartphones and tablets, which practically do not pay attention to the outside world. Digital dependence grows and frightens some, conjuring up images of poor people in the “Matrix”, chained to a chair and decided to live in the illusion of a compensatory reality. What will happen next?

Let’s not pessimistic. Neurologists, psychologists, and researchers in artificial intelligence – that is, teaching computers to mimic human and improve his thought process (as here , for example) – they say that the machines also have a positive impact on our lives. They coined the term cognitive technologies to describe how electronic devices, and other tools can help and improve the ability of people such as “mental activity, study, preservation and retrieval of information from memory, and problem solving.”

For example, a robot monkey will gladly take over the heavy lifting . And people will be able to withdraw completely in the cognitive world.

Cognitive technologies include not only electronic gadgets, but also a number of other things that can contribute to human thought in all areas, from pharmaceuticals to games that stimulate brain development. As noted professor of philosophy at Tel Aviv University Marcelo Daskalov, even basic conversational speech is itself a form of cognitive technology, because not only helps to express our thoughts, but also determines our thinking. Roughly speaking, the language – it is a reflection of your mind.

Cognitive technologies may not be included directly in the brain, but also become a kind of add-in for him. Offload some of its processes, thus extending the functionality of the human brain outside, actually, “gray matter.”

As modern technology in the processing power of the human mind is superior, as a new generation of psychoactive drugs and electronic implants can be essential in the world of cognitive technologies of the future. Here five potential ways this development.
Textbooks will be truly “smart”


Remember myself sitting in the reading room, and had difficulty mastering a thick textbook full of confusing terminology and complex ideas, from which the brain literally begins to boil? No? Do not worry, not all went to school and university. In any case, the students of the future will be easier, because the digital book will have the capabilities of artificial intelligence and will explain everything with patience and vision of the good old professor.

Not long ago, the iPad was released a “smart” textbook on biology. Student can enter the question “what is needed protein?” And get a page with the necessary information. The software of the book also contains a readable map with 5000 ideas on any subject, which have been linked. In a study of California college students who have studied the textbook, were rated higher than the others.
We live in an augmented reality

Augmented Reality

If you watched “Iron Man” and “The Avengers,” you certainly surprised that robotic suit of Tony Stark talking to him and showing the flow of data that have been floated in the suit and helmet Tony reported information about the environment. Although we are unlikely to soon fly in iron suits and fight the villains, all goes to the fact that we will go down the street, and the data will float in the air around us. Glasses Glass Google – not the first beacon of the future.

The idea of ​​augmented reality was formed in the 1960s, when a researcher Ivan Sutherland – known as the father of computer graphics – wrote an article titled “Absolute display,” which examined the possibility of mixing of digital information and the human eye to create the illusion of seeing through the wall. In the early 2000s, researchers at Columbia University have developed a bulky, but quite wearable tool that allows the user to looking through special sunglasses to see the pop charts and projections about the regions of New York. Since the beginning of augmented reality to capture the world.

For example, the agency DARPA is working on contact lenses that support augmented reality. Such devices can read the digital information embedded directly into the landscape in the form of digital beacons. More recently, we have shown a similar device in action. It can be extremely useful for designers and artists, and in general the people who work with three-dimensional objects.
Substances that improve the mental capacity


Still from the film “Limitless”

You may have seen the edge of the eye, which more and more students (at least abroad) use drugs off-label, and to improve performance. For example, “Adderall”, which treat attention deficit disorder, or “provigil”, which is struggling with narcolepsy. Students hope that the drugs will make them more attention and help you pass exams. And they are many.

The last informal survey in the journal Nature showed that one out of five scientists committed to the study of nootropics, controversial class of drugs that increase the productivity of the brain by changing the number of neurochemicals, confirmed that such substances improve the supply of oxygen to the brain and stimulate the growth of neurons.

Such “drug to the brain” is becoming more common. There are new nootropic substances that can be purchased without a prescription. One such product is Onnit Labs, Alpha Brain contains ingredients that claim to increase the level of the natural neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Writer Ari Left, recently tested the effect of this drug, said that after receiving saw unusually vivid dreams and woke up earlier than usual, feeling sleep and awake. Left also noticed that he was “more collected and felt emotional stability.” Although experts have warned that the use of unexplored substances can be dangerous, there is no evidence that in the long term, they are harmful.
We will be able to move objects with the power of thought


You’ve heard about psychics who can bend spoons with a thought (psychokinesis) – that is, manipulate inanimate objects by their abilities. Well, even though each such “psychokinesis” were broken to pieces by skeptics in recent years, scientists have made some breakthroughs in this soil. In fact, you can move objects by pressing a button on the joystick? Why not remove this uncomfortable subject?

The key to this ability lies in the area, which is called brain computer interface (IMM) and is essentially a communication channel through which your neurons send signals to external devices with the same ease with which you are straining your muscles. Scientists have begun to develop similar algorithms in the 70’s and 80’s. By the mid-2000s, they began to develop electronic brain implant called “neyroprostezy» (neuroprostheses), which allow you to control the cursor, for example, without the use of gadgets. The technology is in its infancy, but scientists have learned that some day these implants will be incredibly useful to paralyzed people. Like Stephen Hawking . Absolutely hopeless disabilities can walk and work together with people who do not suffer from such ailments.

Others believe that one day we will not only include a microwave and start the car, just thinking about it, but we are inextricably linked with the computers and devices that will constantly provide us with information directly into the brain. For example, it would be nice to keep people’s faces and names, and the dates of their birthdays on a separate shelf of the brain, and if necessary to extract. This is because no one remembers.
We will achieve digital immortality

Digital immortality

Perhaps the biggest limitation of the human intellect is its shelf life. You’ll learn all his life, but despite what eventually will become smarter, your body, which, in fact, is just a container, will die. People have tried to overcome this by writing books and library collections, but it’s so hard to perpetuate at least a piece of data stored in the 100 billion neurons in the brain.

Some futurists see a light at the end of this tunnel. That if you take and digitize the entire contents of our brains, and then load the data into a computer or a robot? Businessman and media tycoon Dmitry Itskov recently told that this option will be available in the next decade. But this is only the first step. Thirty years later it will be possible to copy and download human consciousness into a car or even a holographic virtual body – that is, to create software that copies of man.

Sounds crazy. But given the progress in neyrosinapticheskih computer chips – that is, machines that simulate the neurons and synapses of the brain – it is difficult just to make fun of a bold prediction Itskova. Look for these financing: a billion euros was allocated to the development of Blue Brain Project – a virtual simulation of the human brain in all its intricate beauty. The chips will be able to not only store information, but to simulate the actions of these brain cells. So, we are not just able to create a complete copy of his brain, but also to work after his death, when a “container” that is, the meat will be invalidated. No matter how many plays Shakespeare was able to write, he lived another hundred years? How many would have given the living Russian language Pushkin, Dantes did not shoot him? There would be a copy of Pushkin’s brain, it can be saved. And what would he say today, as you read this article?

Do not forget that along with the technologies of the future, one that can really change our world beyond recognition, there are technologies that are waiting for people, but that is not likely .


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