Built a super “table” particle accelerator




Built a super “table” particle accelerator

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Physics, University of Texas at Austin have created a powerful “ping” a particle accelerator capable of generating high energy, which previously could only be obtained with the use of incredibly expensive plants hundreds of meters. The plant can fit on a laboratory bench.

“By accelerating electrons to nearly half a plot of about 1 inch of us managed to get 2 GeV of energy. Previously, this required an ordinary particle accelerator length of more than two football fields. We reduced the size of 10 000 times “, – says Michael Downer, professor at the College of Natural Sciences.

In the next few years, a physicist hopes to get the energy of 10 GeV to a few inches, then double it. For years, scientists have tried to disperse the electrons to energies above 1 GeV.

laser accelerator

According to Downer, the electrons of 2-gigaelektronvoltovogo accelerator can be converted into “hard” X-rays. Physicist believe that further research in this area will allow him to run an X-ray free electron laser – the brightest X-ray source.

Compact X-ray laser will be extremely useful for chemists and biologists who can help with the brightest X-ray study of the structure of matter at the atomic level without having to travel to major research centers.

laser accelerator 1

For high-energy electrons that can generate such X-rays, Downer and his colleagues have used the so-called laser-plasma acceleration method by which is meant “fire” gas cloud with short but extremely intense laser pulses.

Meanwhile, in Japan, plans to begin construction of the International Linear Collider total length of 31 km for an energy of 500 GeV.
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