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Can the life evolved from wire and plastic?
Can the life evolved from wire and plastic?
In one of the laboratories of the campus of Cornell University, thrive robots Hoda Lipson. He has already made an autonomous robot that can collect information about themselves to the extent that, as learning to walk. Like the character of “Toy Story”, he sits surrounded by other former stars of the laboratory. Well, artificial intelligence – the dream of the near future , but without the hardware base will remain just intelligence.
The laboratory also has a range of modular cubes, similar to a cross between cubes for children and a model of cartilage in the podiatrist’s office. But for hiding unsightly form of one of the first self-replicating robots in the world. Plastic structure and cubes. Probably, it is as an incubator of robotics.
Robots and pieces printed on the 3D-printer – it traces the evolutionary history of a new type of organisms.
“I want to do something like life,” – said Lipson. – “Made of plastic, wire and non-living matter.”
Almost word for word from Thanatos “Donnerdzheka” by Roger Zelazny. Young Frankenstein all kind expresses a desire to understand how to create life. In this case, carefully working on a machine with self-consciousness that can assemble themselves in the lab and go to the street. Lipson, of course, aware of the risk:
“The more we try to control engineering invention, the better we lose it. The more we automate, the less we know what’s really going on. ”
The first attempts to write algorithms for the development of robots Lipson made in 1998:
“We wrote a trivial algorithm of 10 lines, running it on the big game simulator on a large computer and wait a week. In the beginning there was a bunch of junk. Then – the perfect machine. Crazy shapes. Then the engine has connected to the wire and vibrated. Then the vibratory pile of trash was improved and … in the end, we got a crawling machine. An evolutionary algorithm invented the design and drawings specifically for the robot. ”
Associated with the computer being left out of the virtual space in our world through 3D-printer. And take the first step. Was this a jumble of wires and rods machine equivalent primitive cells? Not quite: the robot Lipson is still dependent on human intervention.
“The main problem in the battery. But this is the first evolution of the physical robot. In general, I want to print wires, batteries, everything. Then evolution will have more freedom. It will not be limited. ”
Few can name a bunch of plastic, metal wires and beautiful. However, when the creator sees this pile hobbling on a laboratory floor, bends, lifts the blocks and makes copies of itself, surely he sees this as a work of art.
Not so long ago, the team Lipson has reached a new level of performance: a sudden epiphany on modularity – when the biological system consists of separate functional units.
Although what is happening in the Creative Machines Lab deserves coverage on our site, developers were only a few small steps towards the creation of a new life. However, Lipson says its robots are alive in the sense of the mysterious.
“There is nothing more than black or white than life or death. But beneath the surface is not so simple. There are many shades of gray. ”
Robots Creative Machinve Lab meet multiple criteria of life, but are not fully self-contained – for now. They require human intervention for energy and reproduction. These are conditions that are likely to be solved in a short time, thanks to the ready supply of raw materials and 3D-printers, and will be only the human hand, which presses the button on time.
According to Lipson, developing system is “full artificial intelligence, the most independent of AI. All you have to – it is the energy and computing power. But it’s a double-edged sword: this development is both frightening and promising. ”
But what if the resolution of some of our current problems requires the development of artificial intelligence, before we ourselves will be able to solve them? After all, such a program could well predict the development of a new influenza virus , for example. Maybe it will create a more efficient machine. And how long does it Lipson autonomous robots to do the first step from rags to riches robotics?
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Tags: Artificial Intelligence , Robotics , Future Technology .
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