Cosmic X-ray telescope Athena: the process has begun




Cosmic X-ray t


Europe has initiated a process that will lead to the creation of the largest in the history of mankind X-ray telescope . Length spacecraft Athena is 12 m, weight – about 5 tons. Its launch is scheduled for 2028.

The project was approved by the Committee of scientific programs of the European Space Agency (ESA) meeting in Toulouse (France), reports news service \”Bi-bi-si.\” The project cost is estimated to cost in excess of $ 1 billion.

This is a very exciting moment for the whole team. Such decisions are made every day. We have just given the green light. While we are moving in the right direction, nothing will stop us, – said Professor Paul Nandra, head of the coordination group Athena.

Full and final approval of the project to launch into space a huge X-ray machine, is likely to be made at the next committee meeting in 2019. Athena is seen as the next generation observatory – the equivalent of X-ray telescopes such a giant as Square Kilometre Array and the European Extremely Large Telescope, which are observing at longer wavelengths.

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Athena will be increased sensitivity hundreds of times compared to the best of today ray space telescope – Chandra and XMM-Newton. The new device will receive advanced optics and detectors that will enable him to look into the depths of space.

Athena will try to examine the processes of galaxy formation, as well as the origin and evolution of massive black holes located at the centers of galaxies. All of these processes are associated with high energy X-ray part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Athena deliver a planned space using rocket Ariane 5 launcher. However, the problem is that by 2028, this missile can be taken out of production. By that time, Europe hopes to build Ariane 6, which at the moment is little known.
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