Cyborg astrobiologist” rovers will look for extraterrestrial life





Sending a research rover on another planet is always associated with certain problems, including the choice of what to explore and what to ignore. Take, for example, the Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity. Where do they go and what they study, researchers must address the planet Earth, but the commands sent via radio signals go up to 20 minutes , depending on how the rover is located relative to the Earth.

Patrick McGuire of the Freie Universität Berlin offered a curious way to speed planetary exploration. His cyborg astrobiologist, rather Cyborg Astrobiologist program will teach robots to what is necessary to look and what should be left behind. Future Mars rovers and probes will use the program to make sure we do not miss the inconspicuous signs of extraterrestrial life.

The program will be based on a huge database of geological structures on Earth, which will be for the rovers clues in the study of geological structures of the other planets. rover (or something-there-stroke) will take pictures of the surroundings, and then compare them with the images in the database. If the computer program finds something unusual or something similar to a living organism on Earth, such as lichen, the rover will examine more closely the find.

McGuire and his colleagues tested the system in landscapes similar to Mars, such as coal beds and gypsum rocks, sandstone, limestone and mudstone.

Some of these stones were partially covered with lichens. These plants are especially important in the search for extraterrestrial life, because it is one of the few forms of life that might take root in the Martian environment. All that could theoretically survive, most likely similar to lichens or algae.

While the program has proven itself very well. McGuire says that the computer program identified the lichen in nine out of ten times. Who knows what she will find there on Mars?
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Tags: Astrobiology , Kyuriositi , Mars .

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