Does the Higgs boson will open the way to new physics?




Does the Higgs boson will open the way to new physics?

What is the Higgs boson ? And why scientists rapidly greeted his discovery of CERN in July 2012? Why it had to be built for the Large Hadron Collider? The fact that physicists believed that the “shutdown” of the Higgs boson – a particle that is responsible for the mass of matter – will make it possible to move and travel at light speed . CERN scientist Albert De Roeck likened the discovery of the Higgs boson with the discovery of electricity, without which we can not imagine my life today.

CERN Physicists believe that the “new physics” will provide a simple explanation of the qualities of the Higgs boson, rather than the current one, which is derived from the Standard Model. This new physics is urgently needed to address a number of key issues, including the question of why the mass of the visible universe is only 4% of the total matter.

“In the Standard Model has been no explanation for the so-called dark matter, which means it does not cover the entire universe – is still much that is inaccessible to the understanding,” – says Dr. Volker Buscher of the Johannes Gutenberg University (JGU).

The opening of the long-awaited Higgs boson, the elusive particle, which should explain why matter has mass, was hailed as a breakthrough in physics. In July 2012 CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Geneva, announced the opening of a new particle that fits the parameters under the previously predicted Higgs boson. Particle mass – about 126 GeV, as at 126 protons.

The event turned out after the analysis of the huge amount of data has doubled since December 2011. According to CERN, the LHC has collected more data in the period between April and June of 2012 than in all of 2011. Efficiency has been improved so much that it became possible to filter out higgsopodobnye events from a few hundred million particle collisions that occur each second.

The existence of the Higgs boson was predicted in 1964 and named after the British physicist Peter Higgs. This is the last piece of the puzzle called the Standard Model. The function of the boson – to provide a mass of other elementary particles. According to the theory, the Higgs field extends over the entire universe. Mass of individual elementary particles is determined by the extent to which they interact with the Higgs bosons.

“The discovery of the Higgs boson is a cornerstone in the study of fundamental interactions of elementary particles,” – said Professor Matthias Neubert, a professor of theoretical physics of elementary particles in the JGU.

On the one hand, the Higgs particle – this is the last item you need the Standard Model of particle physics. On the other hand, physicists are trying to explain the results of the mass of the Higgs boson. It can be explained only by the occasional fine-tuning of the physical constants in the universe to an accuracy of one to one quadrillion.

Higgs has to answer the question of how the world was in the first millionth of a second after the Big Bang. Unfortunately, it was before the Big Bang, there is no answer .

Ray Physics Volkas sure that “almost all” hoped that the Higgs boson will force physicists to revise the Standard Model, instead of relying on such a strange and random accuracy in its formation. Roughly speaking, the Higgs boson, physicists put a little bit at a standstill.

“If all went to the fact that a brand new physics, physicists would have to do something with the dark matter,” – he said, referring to the hypothetical invisible matter, which is composed of a large part of the universe. A sort of ” tip of the iceberg “of the world unknown to us.

Perhaps the Higgs particle acts as a bridge between matter familiar to us, which is made ​​up of atoms, and dark matter, which has not yet been able to detect .

“It would be truly fantastic for the understanding of all matter in the universe, not to mention ordinary atoms” – adds a physicist. De Roeck believes that the study of new particles and interpretation of their functions is to bring physics to the creation of new physics – beyond the Standard Model .

The final decision whether the discovery of the Standard Model will be made no earlier than 2015, when the LHC will work on a more serious capacity and be able to collect more data. De Roeck hopes that there will be “way or a portal to new physics, to new theories of how to actually running nature” – such as supersymmetry, which implies that there are five different Higgs particles responsible for the mass.
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Tags: Higgs boson , standard model , Physics .
the big bang WAS NOT! t to at break any matter all the pieces keep spinning in tomzhe direction but there are galaxies that orbit in the opposite!))


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