ESA gets money for development Ariane 6 launcher




ESA members during an EU meeting decided to develop a new rocket. This is to replace the Ariane 5. Ariane 6 should be cheaper to build and also the costs for the use of the rocket should be lowered.

ESA members have a total of EUR 5.92 billion collected to pay for the next few years several projects of the European Space Agency. One is the development of the Ariane 6 , a new launcher Ariane 5 will be replacing. The new rocket should allow cheaper launches. The decision to develop the Ariane 6 was not sure, because Germany argued previously for an upgrade of the Ariane 5. The development has been earmarked 4.3 billion euros.

According to the ESA is a successor to the old but reliable Ariane 5 sorely needed because, among other US drops the price for launches by the arrival of SpaceX, a company founded in 2013 by Elon Musk. A SpaceX launch costs about 50 million euros, while for every Ariane 5 rocket is launched, the budget around 130 million euros. Ariane 6 would be able to launch two satellites for about 90 million euros and thus to improve the position of the European space program.

Ariane 6, according to the planning of the ESA in 2020 to make its first flight. For this, a consortium founded by Airbus Group and engine builder Safran. The launcher must, depending on the mission, with two or four rocket motors can be equipped. For the rocket, which must have a height of 63 meters, a new rocket engine will be developed which is also suitable for an improved versions of the Vega, a lighter missile deployed by ESA for small satellites into orbit to bring.

The preliminary proposal for the Ariane 6 is a three-stage variable specifications. Depending on the payload, and the path in which to be placed, the rocket can get a A62- A64 or configuration. The lighter version A62 is equipped with two solid rocket boosters for the second stage, where the A64 version four such SRB’s. The first stage is based on a Vulkan-motor with liquid oxygen and hydrogen. The third stage is based on the current third stage of the Ariane 5 rocket and concerns Vinci engine that runs on liquid hydrogen and oxygen again.

Ariane 6 rocket will payloads up to 4.6 meters can carry across. A62 configuration can carry a single satellite, while the more powerful A64 version two smaller or heavier satellite can carry: the payload would amount to 10 tons. The rockets can be used for delivery to both low orbits for Communication purposes or geostationary orbits.


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