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Expert: Recognition Tim Cook little change in the attitude of the company towards gays
The news about the sexual orientation of the head of the world’s largest corporation is regarded as a sensation. Tim Cook – the first of the leaders of Fortune 500 companies, has made such a confession . And Christopher Bailey of Burberry – not only hides gay orientation of the FTSE 100 CEOs.
In the EU, discrimination based on sexual orientation is illegal, but in most US states companies are still laying off people for their preferences, using the absence of such a law, said Cook.
Problems with the rights of homosexuals in the United States mentions Harvard University study conducted in 2005, write ” Vedomosti “. Then employers were sent fictitious resume on behalf of young people graduating from the latter course. Half of the “candidates” noted that the university has been the treasurer of Lesbian and Gay Association, the other half allegedly occupied the same position in the “Alliance of Progressive Party and the Socialists.”
Companies from California, New York, Nevada and Pennsylvania, more or less the same attitude to both candidates. But in Texas, Florida and Ohio, the first group of “candidates” significantly discriminated against.
Homosexuality – a criminal offense in 77 countries. In the five countries for homosexuality can even be sentenced to death. But the West should not be particularly proud of: in half the states where the thrust-sex is regarded as a crime, this article was taken from the British colonial rule.
“In 1970, I studied at the American high school, then graduated in the UK and never met a single person who openly confesses to pull your floor. Now many of the generation accustomed to hide sexual orientation, sit on the boards of directors. Live a life of secrecy, is not easy to declare publicly about his secret, “- said Cook during his speech.
In short, Cook gave the signal. The problem is that it does not work in that company to its step change much. It has long be homosexual in Apple’s easier than in other companies, says published last December survey Academy of Management Journal.
Researchers have observed the formation of the LGBT community in the Fortune 500 in 1985-2005. They found that employees much easier to form such groups in firms in which the CEO is known for its liberal attitude to the problem.
In like Apple community came back in 1986 one of the first in 1993, the company offered to same-sex partners the same benefits and social package, as opposite-sex. For example, a corporate health insurance. Because of this, the company faced difficulties in Texas, where local MPs opposed the construction of the factory Apple.
Nevertheless, many companies followed the example of the pioneers. Judging by the Corporate Equality Index, two-thirds of Fortune 500 extend benefits to same-sex marriages.
Experts believe that these changes in attitudes towards homosexuals cause of action is not famous for its liberalism company operating in a liberal state, and the actions of companies, from which none of this can not wait.
The turning point (or rather, “Nixon-in-China”, when after a visit in 1972 relations between the two powers began to normalize) study in 2008 on the distribution of benefits to same-sex partners of calls in 2000, when the three largest US automaker, General Motors, Ford and DaimlerChrysler, announced this decision.
Cook act also a step forward. But only after the head of a large company will announce that he or she prefers to same-sex partners can begin earnestly ask, “Well, who cares?”
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