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Facts | 10 types of computers
Which not only words are used to describe computer. They are given various names depending on their size, shape factor and specifications. Sometimes, certain types of computers do not even call it a word, though, for example, the same tablets are computers . Most people feel the computer device with a microprocessor is used to enter information mouse and keyboard and the display screen.
Of course, all that you will find below more or less familiar to every modern man. But we are faced with the goal to create a brief classification of computers containing including little-known facts. Earlier classification of the computer system is a resource HowStuffWorks, but it did not contain some of the new category of computers, which became widespread only recently.
1. Personal computer (PC, PC)
Personal computer designed for use by one person. Often referred to as PC only machines running operating systems Windows, Mac allocating a separate category. But in fact, Apple’s computers are personal. When these devices first appeared, they were called microcomputers because they were inferior dimensions common in those days a great host.
2. Desktop computer (Desktop)
The computer, which is not designed to carry it with you, call your desktop. A desktop computer typically costs less than a comparable notebook with the power and scope of the drive. Furthermore, desktop computers to a greater extent than their more compact analogs to be modernized (upgradeable).
3. Notebook (Laptop, Notebook)
Laptops are portable computers. They have an integrated display, a trackball, a processor, memory and hard drive, and battery. They slightly exceed the size of a large hardback book.
4. Tablet (Tablet Computer)
Tablet computers are usually deprived of the keyboard. Height and width, they are like a small book, usually where they are thinner than the printed volumes. Type information via the touch screen. However, many conventional plates allow connecting input devices, including keyboard. Moreover, produced a special keyboard for tablet computers. Component base plate is less productive than the laptops.
5. Smart phone (Smartphone)
Pocket PC with the function of telephone communications. Viewed more as a phone than a computer’s role, although in fact continues the tradition of PDA (PDA). Usually do not have a physical keyboard, although there are exceptions.
6. The workstation (Workstation)
Typically refers to the desktop with a powerful processor, a larger than average amount of RAM. Workstations feature increased ability to deal with a group of tasks. The workstation can be focused on the development of games or work with 3D-graphics.
7. Server (Server)
A computer that is optimized to provide services to other computers on the network. Usually, servers are different powerful processor, lots of RAM and a huge array of hard drives.
8. Mainframe (Mainframe, Mainframe)
At the dawn of the computer age, mainframe computers were truly gigantic, able to take up an entire room or even a whole floor. Over the years, the size of computers decreased, and their performance is increased. Therefore the term “mainframe” was out of use and was replaced by another name “enterprise server» (enterprise server). However, in an English-speaking environment, this term is sometimes consumed by habit, while talking about supercomputers.
9. Supercomputer (Supercomputer)
One of this type of computer can cost hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Some supercomputers are one system, but most of them are arrays of multiple high performance computers working in parallel within a single system.
10. Wearable computers (Wearable Computer)
This is the latest trend in computing technology. Basic computer functions are integrated into clothing and accessories, watches, sunglasses, caps, visors, and even wardrobe items. Just recently presented two models of “smart” watches: it is about Galaxy Gear from the South Korean Samsung and tehnogiganta SmartWatch 2 from the Japanese company Sony.
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