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Fiction | 10 inventions of science fiction, which can be a reality
Fiction | 10 inventions of science fiction, which can be a reality
We often write about how science fiction movies, books, games and other inspiring technology developers today. And what will happen in the future? This is what we are writing too . What great inventions of science fiction waiting for us around the corner? Would you like to ride a hovercraft or just teleport , standing in one place, wherever you want?
Here is a list of the ten most promising and promising technological inventions that break into our world from the pages of scenes and sounds of science fiction.
1. Sonic screwdriver
One of the best tools used by the Doctor Who, it’s sonic screwdriver. With it, the main character of the series does it all: opening doors, locks radio and satellite signals, lights the welds, heals wounds, and more. But British researchers set out to create a real sonic screwdriver.
Professor Bruce Dinkvoter, ultrasonic engineer at Bristol University, explains:
We have developed a device that allows us to move small objects with ultrasonic signals, such as biological cells to sort them or to assemble together.
The prototype was created with the help of small crystals that vibrate when they pass through an electric current. This creates an ultrasonic shock wave in the air around the device. Dimensions of the shock wave can be set to move the biological cells, and potentially – separate the cells from healthy patients.
Of course, the real sonic screwdriver will not be as feature-rich as that of Doctor Who, but the engineers are engaged in useful work.
2. The force field
How does the “Enterprise” from the “Star Trek” to protect itself from incoming attacks? Of course, the force field. However, in the real world, we are still far from such technologies.
However … the British secret service, or rather their scientists are currently working on creating its own force field that can protect armored vehicles from enemy fire. This new armor will include ultracapacitors, which will generate a pulsed electrical energy. When a threat is detected supercapacitor energy will be directed at the metal coating on the outside of transport to create an electromagnetic field.
In contrast to the “Star Trek”, this field will be in effect for a few seconds, but if you include it in time, it can save lives, and then recharge before the next attack. The technology can also reduce the weight of military equipment.
3. Cloak of invisibility
One of the most wonderful things in the possession of Harry Potter was, of course, the cloak of invisibility. Putting his magician disappeared. Is this possible in the real world?
Let’s turn to the scientists of the University of Texas at Dallas, who have successfully recreated the effect of mirage cloak of invisibility in the laboratory. When the researchers explain the effect, everything seems simple. Using a combination of photothermal deflection (known as the “mirage effect”, in fact), and nanotechnology , the researchers took the carbon nanotubes and their heated electrically. In the tank with water, they bend light around itself, so that the sheet of material “disappears”.
In the future, this will create a lot of interesting things .
Телепортер Звездный Путь
Another technology that is due to the “Star Trek” has become the subject of public enthusiasm – it’s teleportation. In its form in which it is represented in the film. Just think what will it become a reality. Obviously, it will be a long time before we ask Scotty to pick us up, but the world’s leading scientists believe in the possibility of teleportation.
In 2008, scientists from the Joint Quantum Institute at the University of Maryland and the University of Michigan have teamed up to solve the problem of teleportation. By the way, Google is also interested in this direction . Although previous experiments were limited to the exchange of information between the two bodies, which were near, a new experiment was to send information to a considerable distance, between two isolated atoms.
How do they do it? A pair of ions, each encased in a container in a vacuum, held in place by an electric current. The laser pulse at the same time forcing the atoms emit photons. Photons interacted and immersed atoms quantum entanglement state (when one of the atoms of different properties of the atom takes even if they are located in separate chambers). And when the measured state of the first atom, the information on it disappeared and “teleported” to the second atom.
After just two years, Chinese Physics successfully teleported photons more than 10 kilometers. About how quantum entanglement can be the basis of future teleporters, read here . In addition, recently revealed that it is possible to transmit information via photons, which do not exist at the same time .
We’ve already figured out that the “Star Trek” had perhaps the greatest impact on researchers and scientists. Another device that may soon become a reality – it’s tricorder. In the television series tricorder used for anything and everything – from scanning and analysis of the data before it is written.
In reality, Dr. Peter Jansen of the Cognitive Science Laboratory at McMaster University in Hamilton developed a device to measure, based on a “startrekovskoy” model. For several years he worked on a prototype of the tricorder, and said that his model can deal with atmospheric, electromagnetic, and spatial measurements, measure the movement and distance. And if you want to make your own tricorder, Jansen made their achievements openly available online Tricorder Project.
6. Self-guided vehicles
On these “side effects” are trumpeting all fiction these days. Even Google decided to personally undertake the development of self-cars, and rumor has it that in 2020 we’re all on them peresyadem. Google received the first license that allows for self-driving cars on the streets of the United States. They say that these cars are incredibly safe, much safer than those that are controlled by Russian drivers.
Google’s Self-Guided Prius was programmed to use a laser radar to create a “virtual buffer zone” around the obstacles. This allows the vehicle to avoid obstacles, which are commonly neglected some drivers among the people.
As we noted above, Google is planning to launch its expertise into the public domain after 3-5 years. And in ten years they may be indispensable on the road.
7. Flexible displays and electronic paper
You’re probably familiar with the concept of a flexible e-paper in the film “Minority Report”, but beyond that, he was mentioned in the novel 1995, authored by Neal Stephenson – “Diamond Age”. With the advent and growth of tablet PCs, the question of when they will appear, became only the task time. Already last year, Sony demonstrated a color e-paper at the 49th International Symposium SID, the largest event dedicated to the technology displays. More recently, we showed another option of electronic paper, a much more interesting, and again from Sony.
13.3-inch flexible e-paper from Sony, made on a plastic substrate to a thickness of only 150 microns and weighs 20 grams. She has a 13-percent color gamut, 10-percent reflectance and contrast ratio of 100,000:1. It is created by applying an adhesive on a glass substrate and a plastic substrate mounting. Amorphous thin film transistors are formed on it in the 80-degree (or lower) heating. Then the plastic substrate is removed from the glass substrate.
Very soon we will be able to get rid of smartphones and tablets, and easy to carry around a folded piece of electronic paper. And why not?
8. Robot soldiers
Remember the body that soldiers used in the movie “Avatar” to subdue the natives of Pandora? Well, DARPA, the U.S. Defense Agency, has decided to spend millions of dollars on a project called … “Avatar.” Blue aliens will not be, but there will be robots.
DARPA said that the program’s “Avatar” will work to “interfaces and algorithms that allow soldiers to communicate effectively with the two-legged semi-autonomous machines, and to act as a surrogate for a soldier.” These drones can control biped zone thousands of miles away from the war front.
Horror, of course, but hardly Defence Agency would spend that kind of money on a sand castle. Biped robots have already been established Boston Dynamics. And the brain-computer interface is no longer seems to be something amazing.
Fans of “Star Wars” very familiar with the landspeeder, antigravity machines created within the universe of George Lucas. But did you know that the hover-bikes (or hovercraft) has already created?
Australian Chris Malloy has built its first prototype of motorcycle parts and says that one day he will be able to fly at a speed of 250 km / h at an altitude of 3000 meters. Motorcycle consists of a pair of massive screws and equipped with a central and four-stroke small engine fuel tank. The right instrument panel controls the steering, and the left – controls the angle of inclination.
For security purposes, Malloy plans to add a couple of parachutes to the frame and require the rider to wear a parachute with him. He also hopes to introduce gyroscopic control, so that trucks will be more stable.
10. Implants memory
Fans of the writer Lois McMaster Buyold biochips can recall the memory, said in her 1986 novel, “Shards of Honor.” In the novel, users can play back memories of when they want to. However, more recently, the same technology has been successfully run-on rats.
In a series of experiments, rats were implanted implant a tiny array of electrodes, the thread of which fit into the hippocampus. This part of the brain responsible for long-term memory. Two pieces of fabric interacted with each other to the extent that the brain is receiving new information. The device must tell the computer about the changes. After the rats were trained and tested.
Implants made by researchers from the University of Veyk Forest and the University of Southern California, returns the memory by recording and playback of the electrical activity of neurons in the hippocampus. And although we are still far from the trials of such funds to the people, in the end, they can help restore memory for people affected by stroke or brain injury.
In the meantime, the rats do not believe even in virtual reality.
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Tags: Inventions , Teleportation , Fiction .
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