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Fiction | 10 predictions of futurologists about transport
Fiction | 10 predictions of futurologists about transport
With the development of transport, we are pleased him more and more. We can quickly fly around the world if we need: simply jump on a plane. It is very convenient for business travelers, is not it? You can choose a different path, as did, for example, a journalist Seth Stevenson for his book “Grounded” he traveled the world without the use of air transport. On the way he thought about what changes undergone transport as it develops. Subject heavy, but he had a lot of time to think.
Although Stevenson stayed true to the old school transport, in the opinion of many of his approach seems out of date. We want to travel, right? So as to allow more time for admiring the scenery of New Zealand and Australian fauna, to speed up the movement of the maximum possible way. And maybe we can come up with something new?
The concept of “futuristic modes of transport,” leaves a huge field for interpretation. Below you will find different types of transport, which said and futurists say. Some of them have become popular due to the small range of use. Others – in development.
One name – Segway Human Transporter – from the very moment of its appearance was too promising. “People Carrier” sounds too grand. The story of its creator, known ingenious inventor Dean Kamen, confirms this. He – a physicist and inventor, which account for more than 400 patents. In addition, he is known for the purchase of a small island off the coast of New England, creating its own currency and jokes on secession from the United States.
The problem is that buyers do not hover at the door Kamena. Segway simply not suitable for everyday use, does not satisfy the needs of city residents and even more so – in rural areas.
It is worth noting segways quite elegant. It can travel at speeds of 20 km / h takes place slightly more upright than the running person, and a complicated computer system and the person holds a balance of transportation. Microprocessor calculates the center of gravity and the rider can not simply hold “a horse”, but intuitively manage. George Oscar Bluth writes and does monograms, featuring waltzes Segway.
Let’s think. Perhaps the problem is that it is not necessary to move with such ease? With all the computer filling this tool, it is quite dangerous. Maybe segways – simply ingenious invention that has not yet found its time and place. In any case, it go, for example, police patrols, security colleges in America are lazy and clumsy tourists.
2. Slide the propeller
Автомобиль с пропеллером
Maybe this vehicle is not as universal as the flying car, but looks much cooler. In 1920, the car with the propeller was considered “futuristic” as fit into the atmosphere of the time. Aircraft revolutionized travel, why not give the cars a little bit of air technology and style?
Despite the similarity of the plane, a car with a propeller attached to the ground. The most popular and well-known spiral Helica car was designed by aircraft engineer, is not surprising. But the engineer Marcel Leyat made his car with a propeller at zero and significantly improved the previous iteration of the tool. He turned on the aerodynamic design and increased efficiency of movement. His achievements subsequently involved and just automotive engineers. However, the fact that the vehicles are produced at the forefront of the best ideas, then remove to a conventional auto industry, we have already mentioned .
He worked as a car with a propeller as follows: motor turning the screw, and the screw was pulling the car forward. He lacked the power to control the transmission, steering and even brakes. Also, it seemed impossible to protect the hapless pedestrians and other cars from the rotating blades. The car is designed to enter the mass market, suffered untimely death.
Everything is going to ensure that the basic principle of futuristic transport is that people just do not take it. It will take half a century, and occur several revolutions in the automotive industry before will become possible using the old developments. Although the thrill seekers gather these monsters in my garage. But no one can deny a person the desire to experience high speed.
Aptera 2e – this is a three-wheeled electric vehicle for two passengers. In any case, has been.
Aptera Motors was founded in 2005 when filling market electric cars instilled a happy and optimistic thoughts in my head automakers. What is the Aptera is different from its predecessors or contemporaries – like the Nissan Leaf or the Chevy Volt, which is also not particularly sold?
First, the view. Smooth, glossy white and round, the car brings thought about Apple. Everything in this car is crying about aerodynamics (which is why it has three wheels – the fourth would reduce efficiency by 34%). Car mechanics also significantly different (since modern electric vehicles tend to make the most familiar image of the movement – even chairs were sprayed with gasoline for the smell, even the radiator grille give it ). To maximize efficiency, Aptera just removed the transmission. There are no gears. The driver is given the opportunity to press a button, and select the drive. All of these design elements can add on to a good energy saving: Aptera ensures that the car can travel up to 160.9 miles on a single charge with two passengers and a couple of hundred payload on board. The composite material of which the vehicle is assembled, stronger than steel, and the material of the interior – environmentally friendly. And as it is written on the site, all the cars are going in the U.S., and 90% of the material is also available from the U.S.. Such is the national product.
In 2009, Wired wrote that the Aptera 2e will be sold at the end of the year at a price of 25-40 thousand dollars – but that did not happen. With that in place of Aptera appeared impatient customers, in 2011, the company said that investors’ funds are exhausted, and it has to close. A sad story, is not it?
However, now we have a chance to be Aptera purchased Chinese automaker Jonway Group.
Usually, the system is meant chelovekovozom speed rail transportation, and always automated. In some cases, it even caught on as a term. They were designed to be places that it was difficult to charge the railway strip. Usually it’s Monorail, convenient, fast, and easy-to-urban environments. It looks fun and friendly, much nicer than the stinking and noisy subway.
Typically, the system chelovekovozok work well in confined areas, such as airports and shuttle passengers between terminals.
This method of travel is not particularly popular, but there are some places – like Metromover People Mover in Miami – which demonstrate that this system may well be successful. Looks great, but success is not guaranteed – that is her destiny.
Персональная подводная лодка
If we ever see a personal submarine that is suitable for travel, we say “thank you” to military developers and engineers around the world. First subs small size designed for military purposes and not kept very well. Version 1775, known as the “American Turtle” demanded a manual control of the operator, and the use of pincers to bring the ship to move. It was terribly slow and difficult to control the boat. Despite the cute design that matches the name, “American bug” quickly went to bed.
Today, personal submarine can afford only the very rich (for example, well-known enthusiast Steve Fossett and his friend Richard Branson). Let’s be honest, a personal submarine (or even a large submarine) does not meet the practical purposes. Submarines, as it has always been used in military and scientific purposes. Older models sometimes fall into the hands of drug traffickers and modernized under the invisible. In order to transport the submarine worse usual. Let slower, but cheaper and safer.
However, experts say that when military equipment is retiring and is written by hand Civil, they find it much more interesting and fun application.
6. Self-guided vehicles
Every few years we have been spoiled by promises that soon will come self-managed vehicles. As a result, estimates ustakanilos and became more conservative (and hence realistic). Last prediction? 2019.
Self-guided vehicles were trying to create for centuries, engineers, developers, automakers, and even Google. Self-propelled vehicles will operate on the basis of overcomplicated computer system, built on technologies that we already have. GPS, for example, will lead cars on the course. The cameras on the perimeter of the car will be a crawl space for interference and obstacles, as well as road conditions. This system is connected to the computer and automotive electrical system, so the machine can move along a predetermined path is much safer than if a person has knowledge. Many modern machines already offer similar systems, such as the installed rear view camera, parallel parking assistant and assistant load flow. They help to control the machine, but they also have a side effect of relaxation and dispersion of the driver.
What will be the result? Experts say that the cars that will be completely autonomous and will not break, will only be in 2025.
Consider other consequences. What joy of owning a car is when most of the cars will be autonomous? Many people spit the word “thrill of driving”, for them it is just a means to get from one place to another. He pressed the button and go. You can read books and watch the news, “VKontakte”. Especially convenient it would be for truckers and bus drivers. At least that time they would start earlier.
But what about the collectible and fun to drive a vintage Porsche? But what about the “I’m sorry, kids, we can not stop to buy you ice cream?” It is believed that when the automotive industry will be completely homogeneous and focus on self-cars, this culture – the culture of enjoying the expensive brands of cars – fall apart.
It will take a lot of time before the cars without drivers will be completely safe and effective. We will have to rewrite the laws, revise the prices and to repair the road. While there is no suggestion that we have to pull the steering wheel and get in the car, giving himself the power of the computer.
7. Monorail Shweeb
History remembers the mass transport sweeps above the ground, but Shweeb is something else. It’s like a cycle track, built at a height of only 5.8 meters above the ground, where it almost does not interfere with the existing road. And recumbent bikes, built inside the glass “pods”, adding a different element of comfort. Company founder Jeff Barnett came up with the idea in mind when he traveled to Tokyo, where, he says, everyone rides a bike and almost everything is in the capsule.
Shweeb is proud of its efficiency. Despite the fact that the pedals have to twist your feet, the capsule moves faster than if you were on foot, and requires much less effort than walking walking. Shweeb alludes to the fact that such transport is good for your physical condition, but notes that the minimal effort required to pedal. Therefore, no one sweated while driving. Shweeb also says that on the long road can spin the pedals so that typing speed will wipe your nose to any Olympic cyclist. The capsules are incredibly aerodynamic and have a low resistance, so you can gain a good speed with minimal effort. In addition, the one who goes back and faster, can push the one who goes ahead and slower.
Shweeb also claims that the use of this system can even be disabled, and yet they have no weight limit. Furthermore, the system is more efficient than other types of movement.
While the prototype system Shweeb is an amusement park in New Zealand, so everyone can try it out, and the creators of the system is tested characteristics of this transport, driving each other to race. In 2010, Google has invested millions of dollars into the system, in the hope that it will be widely distributed in the cities, and corporate campuses and tourist areas. This has not yet happened, but the monorail Shweeb may well be an interesting transportation system.
Dedicated to all the children who dream to fly.
The U.S. Army began to have fun with jetpacks back in 1940, and after hired Bell Aerosystems, to continue to progress in 1960. The results of all disappointing: although Bell really good job with the jetpack, to make the machine for fast, safe and long-range movement failed. However, a handful of researchers and enthusiasts continue to fight for an idea that seems to be permanently stuck in the preliminary stage.
Technically jetpack already can tear you away from the earth under the right circumstances. But more than a few seconds, a jet pack you will not raise (and if you weigh more than 80 pounds – if not forget). New Zealand company Martin Aircraft has achieved greater success. In 2004, the company set out to enter the market jetpack.
Her jetpack is described as “aviation” and “recreational vehicle” at the same time. Concept that contradict one another? Probably. But after a private helicopter to meet this requirement. But Martin says her jetpack and more “practical”, but this is more difficult to believe. Practical for whom? It costs 100,000 dollars. For millionaires? Billionaires? Environment? For children who dream of flying?
According to Martin, gasoline jetpack is safe and easy, floats automatically stable in a “reasonable weather” and is equipped with a parachute. The pilots are trained on simulators before flying. Management is automated and computerized, so can choose a safe altitude. Martin also believes that the pilots have to go through some type of licensing.
Martin hopes that jetpacks will start to appear on the backs of individuals already in 2013. Currently, they are restricted in their use in populated areas. In general – there are jetpack, we have lived up to them, and they have gone beyond science fiction books. Perhaps one day, and you got the dzhetpakom. By the way, jetpack – part of a homemade Iron Man costume .
9. Flying Car
Someone may wonder why the jetpack appeared before flying car. Flying cars promised a long time ago, but they are not and it is not expected . It would seem that the difficulty: to take and cross airplane and car? Another question is: what will make it better helicopter?
The hybrid approach (land and air) is more practical than a single expression. That is, if you’re stuck in traffic, you can press the button and take off, and much easier than a helicopter or airplane. But this is not practical in terms of security. Not many people can travel smoothly along a straight road, not to mention the air.
People, of course, does not stop. There are about 80 patents on the technology of flying cars in the United States, and some prototypes are really taking off.
The first experiment took place in 1917, and since then usually one or two projects are always at work. Most inventors attached wings and screws for cars and cross their fingers, while others are trying to make a small aircraft that can move along the roads (one of them can be converted in five minutes – a transformer straight). We all share the same problems: heavy, expensive, does not meet the safety requirements, in general, the trouble.
However, of all manufacturers of flying cars closest to success crept Aerocar. The car can soar above the earth at a speed of 193.1 km / h She also passed the examination and received FAA approval as a flying car means (it made just two cars with wings). Ford wanted to put the car Aerocar on the production, but the crisis in 1970 has solved all of them.
It is unlikely that a flying car will ever be economically viable compared to other transit options. The mass market such vehicles will be sold at a minimum of 300,000 dollars and spend a lot of fuel. We’ll have to fly airplanes and ride on wheels.
If we had the opportunity to go to one place and appear in another, all of the above would have been a waste of time and money. Of course, there would be practical limits (even jetpack would cost less), but just imagine what is possible.
Now let your imagination a bit to cool down and let’s think about the fantasy and science fiction. Even Harry Potter and his friends usually choose the more traditional methods of travel because teleportation requires a lot of effort. Magician had to find a fireplace and a special powder to implement teleportation. Objects could conjure as temporary teleporters, but it required careful planning. Only a licensed adult allowed to simply disappear and reappear somewhere else. Ever wonder why the children were spending the day on the train to get to Hogwarts?
Ironically, the fantastic world demonstrates some aspects of practical problems. In the real world of science is involved in even closer range. The team of Chinese physicists in spring 2012 achieved great progress in the field of teleportation. She teleported photon (particle of light) of 96.6 kilometers. The previous record of photon teleportation was established in 2010 – 16.1 kilometers.
Teleportation of a photon is working with a laser. But here’s the problem: the photon is duplicated at point A and sent his mirror image, not the original, to point B. In 1993, a team of IBM researchers found out that you can only pass a copy of the object, and must destroy the original, making unethical like teleportation in case with anything alive. To replicate human daredevils have to first test if it works as it should teleport. It will be scanned and each molecule will be sent to a person at another point of light. If something goes wrong, the traveler will be waiting for serious consequences. He gets stuck in a new form – the original will disappear forever.
In short, scientists will first use a teleport to securely transfer encrypted data. We can duplicate the photons that contain encoded data, but to repeat this feat with something solid is unlikely to succeed. Yet. We are far from the technology needed for teleporting people.
And if you’re wondering whether it is possible transfer of information faster than the speed of light, please come here .
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Tags: Self-guided vehicles , Teleportation , Future Technology , Futurology .
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