Fiction | Mysteries of Saturn’s rings




Fiction | Mysteries of Saturn’s rings

Saturn – the sixth planet from the Sun. She holds a special place in the heart of every lover to take a look through the telescope because it has a beautiful elegant rings. It’s easy to find in the Western Hemisphere, looking to the east of the bright star in the constellation Virgo Kolos. Saturn will appear to the naked eye modest bright yellow star, but a telescope will reveal much more mysterious spectacle that is waiting for its secrets will be revealed.

Well, tear away the veil.

The most remarkable feature of Saturn can be called famous system of rings, which can be seen through a telescope with a magnification 20x and more. Powerful telescopes will show the image in greater detail, but at first glance the ring still seem hard.

Upon closer examination of the rings show up empty, open Giovanni Cassini in 1675. Separation is not completely empty, but it is one of the many areas where the density of ring particles is much smaller. The origin lies in the nature voids the rings themselves.

Saturn’s rings, as well as all the planetary ring system composed of billions of particles of ice and rock orbiting the planet. The forces that create gaps in the rings are varied, but some of them are caused by the gravitational forces of Saturn’s moons.

Щель Кассини

In the case of the “Cassini division” moon Mimas, which turns on the orbit of Saturn, knocks down one of the two orbits of the particles, creating a 4,800-kilometer gap between them. This resonance causes a constant pulling particles in the same direction in which they move out of the slot. There are other reasons for the formation of voids in the rings of Saturn – for example, some of the moons of the planet, or rather their gravitational influence, kept separate sites zone free from debris and garbage.

Gaps and exquisite ring surrounding Saturn, for the most part are the result of gravitational effects in one form or another, but one of the features is much more embarrassment. It’s called “spokes”.

As the name suggests, this phenomenon resembles the spokes of a bicycle crossing the ring system, and was first recorded in 1980. They differ in brightness and size and can occur many hours before disappearing from view. Their origin is still unknown but it is believed that they may be produced by the interaction of microscopic ice particles with a ring of particles and magnetic fields in the orbit of Saturn.

In contrast to the spokes in the rings of Saturn, the rings easily observable even young astronomers. Especially in summer, when Saturn rises closer to the zenith, and many want to see this miracle of our solar system.
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