Fiction | Science Fiction in “Oblivion”

Apr

28

2013

Fiction | Science Fiction in “Oblivion”
or

Том Круз, Обливион

Science fiction film “Oblivion” topped the charts this week, becoming the most high-profile film season. Noteworthy is it? first? the fact that the script for the film, which is described in 2077 and is involved Tom Cruise, written by director Joseph Kosinski – not remade with previously available. How much truth and how much fiction in “Oblivion”?

Beware of spoilers!

Sci-fi films of our time are not something out of the ordinary, although quite difficult to come up with something really original. This ground thoroughly mastered the last one hundred years in the film and at least several hundred years in the literature. All possible scenarios for post-apocalypse have touched even in the Golden Age of science fiction and in the period of the “New Wave”.

It is not that of “Oblivion” has become something entirely new, but is to pay tribute – it intertwined stories of several original familiar to us, “sky-faille”, and in an interesting combination. And it is interesting that the majority of fantastic speculation in the film are the real scientific basis, which we write every day here on the Hi-News.ru. Some say that the film will look Kosinski for many years as the “Space Odyssey” Kubrick someone winces with disgust from the melodramatic plot, we simply sort through the truth and fiction in the movie “Oblivion”.
Alien invasion

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Fiction:

In the movie “Oblivion” scenario includes the canonical images of “Space Odyssey 2001” Stanley Kubrick’s special effects of “Independence Day” and even from the television series “Star Trek” (Borg!). In the literature, of course, the aliens attacked the Earth long before the birth of “hard” science fiction. Recall the story of Voltaire’s “Micromegas,” in which aliens from Saturn and Sirius are visiting Earth and marvel at the arrogance of our sky-high, which is not combined with our small size.

Science:

Despite the fact that scientific initiatives such as SETI continue to peer into the darkness of space, alien races not to invade the Earth. Yet. But can .
Rise of the Machines

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Fiction:

The most obvious cinematic precursor to military drones in “Oblivion” will, of course, Skynet killing machines from the movie “Terminator”. Several scenes in “Oblivion” also allude to the underrated “Robocop” in 1987. But Isaac Asimov anticipated the rise of military drones long ago in his works.

Science:

In the U.S. and some other countries the military unmanned drones quite a while in good standing.
Extraterrestrial colony

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Fiction:

In the movie “Oblivion” Tom Cruise’s character, Jack Harper, said that most of the population fled to the satellite of Saturn – Titan. The idea of ​​extraterrestrial colonies to “Oblivion” was seen in many films – for example, “Alien,” “Total Recall” and “Blade Runner.” Space colonies have always been popular in science fiction literature. In a series of novels by Asimov’s “Foundation” all the inhabited planets in the galaxy to terraform and colonize.

Science:

Titanium is seen as a possible point for a space colony, as it has a thick atmosphere and oceans. In one of the messages of the “Cassini” even flashed evidence that Titan may well be organic life. On Saturn are oceans of liquid methane. But while the idea of ​​colonization is far from its actual implementation.
Post-apocalyptic crisis

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Fiction:

In the story “Oblivion” Earth devastated by global nuclear war. In the film this plot device is not new – remember the classics like “Mad Max” or the popular movie “The Day After Tomorrow.” Game series «Fallout» built its popularity on this idea, and Strugatskie postyadera undertook a study of the issue after many literary explorations of Mary Shelley and Edgar Allan Poe in the early 1800s.

Science:

“Oblivion” uses the well-known scientific prediction of the consequences of global thermonuclear war shattered landscape, the radiative zone, severe weather conditions and the destruction of much of the flora and fauna.
Clones

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Fiction:

Clones in the films also received his moment of glory, from the “Star Wars” to “The Matrix.” But in literature, history of cloning is rooted as much in the work of Aldous Huxley, and specifically to the famous novel “Brave New World” in 1932.

Science:

Ethical and social principles leave cloning outside the acceptable, but the technology for cloning mammals already exist. Some conspiracy theorists believe that human cloning is already being carried out in secret laboratories.
The underground city

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Fiction:

Since the surface of the Earth in the movie “Oblivion” is not possible to dwell in the refugees had to go underground in a network of ruins, caves and tunnels. In the film like the idea, again, to play in the “Matrix” and “Terminator”, and in literature in general has become a kind of cliché with the works of Tolkien, HG Wells, Poe and Verne. Remember even the “Dante’s Hell” – what you do not underground cities?

Science:

All over the world there are hundreds of underground complexes, many of which can rightly be called cities. Montreal’s underground city – La Ville Souterraine in France – has more than 20 km long tunnel with apartments, hotels, offices and shops. In the past century, the conceptual designer also long planned construction of underground and underwater cities – but somehow did not grow together . Someone even Moscow’s subway network can be called the underground city.
Astronauts in Trouble

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Fiction:

In the second half of the hallucinogenic “Oblivion” revealed new plot twists, it is customary in science fiction: the astronauts at risk. With glance you can see that we have seen in the “Planet of the Apes,” and in the same “Space Odyssey.” Polish writer Stanislaw Lem wrote about this in “Solaris”.

Science:

In the history of manned space flight in outer space visited by more than 500 people, 18 of them died (in Russian and American programs.)

Finally, we note that in “Oblivion” touches upon the disappearance of the moon. The consequences of the sort we have just recently been contacted .
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