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Future and present industrial robots
Future and present industrial robots March 7, 2013
The word «manufacturing» (Russian and manufactory) comes from the Latin manu (use of hands) for factura (making things). Robots – another story. The term was born from the Czech word robotnik and came up with “robots” is none other than the famous writer Karel Capek. Robot in Czech – is slave labor. Do not let the science fiction and Japanese manga confuse you, people have created robots to entrust them with the dirty work.
The first industrial robots in factories appeared in 1961. It happened when Unimate joined the labor force General Motors. It was a 1814-pound arm, attached to a steel drum. Robots Unimate known for their versatility: to pour molten metal, automatically weld metal body together and manipulate 227-pound loads.
In short, Unimate carry out the tasks that people are considered dangerous or boring, and he did it at a constant speed and accuracy. He never gets sick, do not go on strike and did not violate the rules of the company. It works 24 hours a day and does not break for a smoke. Of course, the manufacturers quickly got used to the new colleague.
But robotic factory workers also suffer a from restrictions. As a simple matter of fact, industrial robots are machines. People are programmed them for simple tasks that they will perform again and again, without the slightest hint of creativity. Tasks that require decision-making, manifestation of the will, creativity, adaptation and learning in the workplace, they are beyond.
When there is work for the robot performance is increasing dramatically. For example, after the Australian company established Drake Trailers of a welding robot on a production line, productivity increased by 60%.
The most obvious impact of industrial mechanization is that it eliminates many jobs for unskilled workers. This was particularly noticeable in the United States and Japan – the two countries that have been in the development of robots the most.
Japan seriously manifest negative population growth, and the younger generation is not particularly eager to work in factories. Thus, industrial robots can completely solve the problem of shortage of low-skilled workers. In addition, as the office requires a computer system administrator and enikeyschika least robotic workers also need a guard.
U.S., however, move their production facilities to China and other countries where labor is cheaper. Even automated enterprise “at home” with a charming performance and efficiency can not tip the balance.
What will be the future of industrial robots? Despite the economic downturn in 2009, the International Federation of Robotics recorded global growth in demand for industrial robots. In 2013, robots will be about 1.1 million.
Do not forget that robotics continues to stretch the boundaries of industrial robots, for example, in machine learning, tactile sensors, and socially-oriented robots. In the future, in all probability, the machines will work together with people and learn from them, doing more production problems – the development of this field , we have already mentioned .
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Tags: Unimate , Industrial Robots, Robotics
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