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Gallery | 10 fastest supercomputers in the world
Gallery | 10 fastest supercomputers in the world
Chinese supercomputer named Tiahne-2 today considered to be the fastest car in the world, almost twice breaking the previous speed record of 33.86 petaflops performance. The appearance Tiahne-2 was observed on radar well before its launch, and not so long ago, he topped the list of five hundred supercomputers our planet. What about the other supercomputers?
Tiahne-2 was developed at the National University of Defense Technology of China, and will run until the end of this year.
“The sudden appearance of Tiahne-2, two years ahead of schedule, marks the return of China to the first position in November 2010, when the first list was Tiahne-1A. In Tiahne-2 contains 16,000 nodes, each with two processors Intel Xeon Ivy Bridge in conjunction with three processors Xeon Phi. In total – 3,120,000 cores. ”
The joint performance of 500 systems on the list of 223 petaflops. Six months ago, this list gave 162 petaflops. Petaflop – is one quadrillion floating point operations per second, or a million billion.
26 systems operate with a minimum capacity of a petaflop. Blue Gene / Q from IBM takes four points of the top ten, while Intel produces processors for 80.4% of all 500 systems. 39 systems use Nvidia graphics processor to speed up the calculations, another 15 use accelerators or other technologies such as near the CPU and ATI Radeon Xeon Phi.
252 of computer 500 are installed in the U.S., 112 in Europe, China, 66 and 30 in Japan. The slowest computer in the list of running at a speed of 96.6 teraflops. In the list of last November’s slowest computer is working at a speed of 76.5 teraflops.
In addition Tiahne-2, the only rookie in the top ten is the system Blue Gene / Q, which is called “Volcano” at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Let’s take a look at the top ten.
10: Tianhe-1A, National Supercomputing Center in China
9: SuperMUC, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre in Germany
Using server IBM iDataPlex, 300 terabytes of memory and connection InfiniBand, 147,456 cores SuperMUC reach 2.9 petaflops performance. Energy costs are reduced by directly cooling the chip and memory with the help of water.
8: Vulcan, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
This 4.3-petaflopnaya system is based on supercomputing technology Blue Gene / Q from IBM and is equipped with 393,216 cores. Not so long ago, in addition to state needs, “Volcano” and engaged in more industrial, and became available to research institutions.
7: Juqueen, Jülich Supercomputing Centre in Germany
Another system Blue Gene / Q, Juqueen with 458,752 cores reaches a speed of 5 petaflops. Using 2,301 kilowatts of energy, Juqueen considered as the most energy-efficient supercomputers in November of last year.
6: Stampede, Texas Advanced Computing Center at the University of Texas
With servers Dell PowerEdge, equipped with Xeon processors and interconnected by InfiniBand, Stampede develops 5.2 petaflops. This is one of the largest systems available for open scientific research – any scientist Institute of the United States may submit a request to use some of the power of the computer.
5: Mira, Argonne National Laboratory, Department of Energy
This system Blue Gene / Q is using 786,432 cores to achieve a power of 8.6 petaflops. In 2014, Mira running at full capacity and will provide over 5 billion hours a year computational scientists (including time for each core separately).
4: K computer, RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science in Japan
In 2011, the K computer was in first place in the list, and it involved the creation of Fujitsu. Supplying 10.5 petaflops through 705,024 cores Sparc, K computer uses a six-dimensional toroidal coupling called Tofu.
3: Sequoia, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
This computer was the first place in June 2012. Sequoia used by the National Nuclear Security Administration to carry out simulations aimed at the continuation of the life of nuclear weapons. System Blue Gene / Q has about 1.6 million cores and 17.2 petaflops performance issues.
2: Titan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Last November, the monster was the first in the list and reproduced 17.6 petaflops. The system uses the processor Cray-based chips from AMD and Nvidia graphics processors to 560,640 cores. Titan consumes 8,209 kilowatts of power, which was awarded the title of the most energy-efficient supercomputer in last November.
1: Tianhe-2, National University of Defense Technology in China
Continuing Tiahne-1A, a new global leader broke the speed record with 33.86 petaflops performance. Tiahne-2 uses the Intel Xeon-based Ivy Bridge Xeon Phi and a total of 3.12 million cores. This computer consumes 17,808 kilowatts of power, and can theoretically accelerate to 54.9 petaflops. By the way, recently retired left the oldest petaflopny computer. Way to young.
So, which of these computers will put at home?
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Tags: IBM , Supercomputers , Japan .
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