Google celebrates its 41 anniversary of the discovery of Lucy
Celebrated Google anniversary 41 to discover the skeleton of monkeys Lucy, where a team of workers in Ethiopia on 24 November archaeologists discovered in 1974 the remains of a skeleton Old and named it Lucy name, which has become an important piece and vitality to decode the human puzzle, some scientists believe it is human origin.
This is due to the skeleton of the female type Oustralopetheikos Ofarineces, he lived and died before 3.2 million years old, were found Almsthath scientists Donald Johnson and Maurice Tayib Tom and Gary in a maze of narrow valleys in one of the regions of Afar region of Ethiopia.
Archaeologists have found 47 bone which form about 40% of the total expected for the skeleton, which would give them enough of the information about the expected type and that the oldest form known example of a primate with the feet, and a point of critical starting point for understanding the transition to a sane person.
Omar Lucy estimated at about 3.2 million years old, and they reach the height 1.1 meters and weighing 29 kg, and scientists concluded that the structure dates back to the female because of the shape of the pelvis of the skeleton and called it Lucy name in honor of the song for the team Albatelz British “Lucy in the sky with diamonds.”
Lucy is similar in composition anatomical chimpanzee to a large extent, and in spite of the small size of the brain for rational human being, the bones of the pelvis and lower limbs and functionally identical with its counterpart in humans.
And make it clear that this is similar to human could walk upright on two legs, and published the first picture of the structure of Lucy in the same year and in the following year by the publication of the first search.
Scientists believe that Lucy is one of the important transitional episodes between great apes and human anatomical characteristics and represent an intermediate stage between the anatomical characteristics of modern man and ape.
These are the qualities in the composition of the bones of the pelvis, legs and forearms, which qualifies for walking upright on two legs, and in spite of the similarity between the anatomical characteristics of the human being and Lucy, but the ability to walk does not live up to the ability of the human in terms of efficiency and energy consumption.
And keep Lucy ability to climb trees is about the ability of monkeys and is superior to man’s ability to, in addition to that the brain size when Lucy is relatively large when compared to the size of the brain when the monkeys, but it is relatively small compared to the size of the brain in humans.
And it is considered to Ossi Afrances or Australopithecus ancestors of humans lived before the period ranging from 3 million to 4 million years old, which is the earliest primates to Homo genus Homo, according to the common classification.
Because it walks on two legs and flat because her face, and the character of the well-known face of the current Ourrentagan Japanese monkey, which lacks the size of the human brain is the main characteristic of human beings.
Also it did not prove use of fire or tools, so some researchers consider just extinct apes raised around a media campaign, which has no fossil remnants of only 40% of the structure and raised around a blaze of publicity, what a child named Lucy preceded by a hundred thousand a year.
And it is preserved skeleton of Lucy monkeys at the present time in a museum in Ethiopia, and Lucy spent six years touring the United States since 2008 to 2013.
US President Barack Obama had visited Almsthath fossil earlier this year during a trip to Africa, and allowed him to touch them, which is usually dedicated to scientists.