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HOW TO TURN THE MOON INTO A GIANT COSMIC RAY DETECTOR?
Scientists go to great lengths to restore aroma, speed and direction of each of the cosmic rays that fly across the galaxy. They usually do this by analyzing particle bursts that create whimsical tall inside balloons or satellite scintillators. Rays may also be sometimes caught on the ground level, with the proviso that either detector is sufficiently large. Auger Observatory in Argentina, for example, has about 3,000 square kilometers and watch one event per square kilometer for a hundred years. A much better way, says Justin Bray of the University of Southampton, is to build a radio telescope 10 times larger and use the moon itself as cosmic ray detector.
Type I civilization on the famous Kardashev classification uses all available energy resources, falling on her home planet, perhaps with some Dyson sphere. However, if the secrets of the universe are written in high-energy cosmic rays, would not it be the best measure of civility include not only energy, but rather how many of these ephemeral cosmic sources of the planet will be able to use it?
The new plan proposed by researchers at the University of Southampton in England, is to eavesdrop nanosecond weak radio signals in our direction when cosmic rays enter the moon to the nearest tangent. This effect was originally discovered by the Soviet-American physicist Gurgan Askarian and is closely associated with a well-known phenomenon of Cherenkov radiation. In any case the cone of coherent radiation is emitted when a charged particle (cosmic ray) suddenly faced with a dense dielectric medium (such as the lunar soil). From a technical point of view incident particle velocity should be higher than the phase velocity of light in a dielectric medium. In the case of high-energy cosmic rays, it should work. To observe the effect, you can use a sensitive radio telescope, known as the Square Kilometer Array, which will soon be built.
The whole setup will cost € 1.5 billion and is expected to be ready by 2025. Telescope presumably able to observe about 165 high energy cosmic rays (up to 1020 volts) compared to 15 per year, which is observed current detectors. As is the case with any complex detector, accurate identification of cosmic ray flares on the oscilloscope will require major investments in equipment. In fairness, we note that the intensity of cosmic rays hitting the Earth is much higher than 15 per year. On Earth, there are lots of events that can be caused by cosmic rays. Theories range from the possible effects on chemical reactions to the occurrence of major events like lightning strikes. Where the rays do not interact with matter, animate and inanimate, the impact is not possible to determine their exact intensity.
People themselves can detect cosmic rays physiologically, although we usually do not feel them, if not in space. But many of the astronauts will tell you for sure that the eyes and possibly the brain itself definitely notice some of them. But if you are in the world, and suddenly see a glimmer of light, it is possible that it is delivered to you hi cosmic ray.
Depending on whether the energy level in the beam detectors people are not always well perceived blocked. The most famous of energy beams has a kinetic energy equivalent to the flight of a baseball sword – the order of 100 km / h. It should be noted that if a baseball at a speed hit you in the stomach, the effect would be unpleasant, but the moment the energy equivalent protons will be much less. Nevertheless, the higher the point is, the worse will be your cells and genes. Baseball will not make a mess in your DNA chain, but cosmic rays can stage a real party.
Although it will take time before the analysis of cosmic rays help to identify the nature of the simulation matrix , more affordable goal – to understand the distribution of matter in the universe. Perhaps, it is necessary to our civilization for further progressViewing:-156
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