In learning a second language helps us to mirror neurons




In learning a second language helps us to mirror neurons

Scientific staff at Arizona State University believe that mirror neurons, the type of nerve cells responsible for the process of understanding things and actions that we see and hear, also play an important role in learning a second language in all its contexts, cultural forms, words, expressions and phrases .

New task carried out by specialists study was to determine the mechanisms that the human brain uses to collect, acceptance, processing and determination of information coming at him from his environment. Scientists believe that the answers to these questions will help to develop more effective methods of learning a second language. In this sense, scientists from the University of Arizona was particularly interested in the mirror neuron system, the study of which has recently they were doing. An interesting feature of this study was that the researchers were able to determine the parameters of this system, using only linguistic materials.

What’s even more interesting changes in the system were directly related to the visual perception test subjects. Portal Science Daily writes that in this study was the first to show how the mechanism of selection and use of certain words and phrases can determine how we perceive the visual world around us. You’d be surprised, but in the study, researchers used a set of the most simple phrases like, “Cameron gave Annegreys pencil.”

“We decided to check out what part of the mirror neuron system, which is part of the motor system, the simulation used in our environment. The system of these neurons activated in both cases: when a person commits an act (ie passed pencil) and then, as he watched this action (ie, the time of transmission seen pencil), “- says Arthur Glenberg, a psychology professor at Arizona State University .

“In our opinion, the system of mirror neurons allow us to conclude that the intent in the actions of people. For example, when Jane sees Cameron performs an action, its mirror-neuron system resonates, and Jane begins to understand why Cameron is going to pass Annegreys pencil, and why Cameron sends Annegreys this pencil “- adds the scientist.

Details of this study were published in the latest issue of the scientific journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, which Glenberg, a former professor of psychology Noah Dhar and university graduate Ryan Ferguson explain this method: as the target language changes the behavior of the mirror neuron system.

“The system of mirror neurons associated with many types of social behavior, such as action understanding, empathy and understanding of the language. Yes, previous studies have indeed shown that the adaptation of the system can affect the understanding of the language. However, so far no one has been able to demonstrate that the process of language understanding can change the behavior of the system of mirror neurons “- sums Glenberg.

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Tags: Neurobiology , Neurons .

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