After almost a year of space travel, the Indian spacecraft Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) got to the orbit of the Red Planet. On Wednesday morning, local time, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has announced that after a successful 24-minute stand-alone operation of the engine probe entered the orbit of Mars. Now, thanks to the successful delivery of the Indian probe to the Red Planet in total on Mars and around it there are eight spacecraft.

Shunting set the machine to the orbit of Mars was at this time very complicated (but fortunately doable) challenge, as at the time of exit of the probe into the orbit of the Red Planet, he actually was behind her, and thus constitute a barrier to the transmission of telemetry to the unit from the Earth . If the engine of the probe at this point load correctly, the spacecraft will most likely would have gone on a long journey into the depths of space open spaces or burned in the Martian atmosphere. In the end, the contact with the probe Indian Mission Control Centre in Bangalore was restored at the right time, after which it was reported that the probe has successfully entered the correct elliptical orbit 423 x 80,000 km with a period of 3.2 Earth days.


Running MOM 2013


The trajectory of the MOM to Mars

It will be recalled that the Mars Orbiter Mission was launched from the launch pad of the space center named Satish Dhawan (owned by Indian Space Research Organization) on board the rocket PSLV-C25 November 5, 2013. For India, this is the first interplanetary mission. And as you can see – it is the first attempt was successful and demonstrated to the world that the country is completely ready to join the international space race, and in particular the issues of Mars exploration.

The unit itself MOM has five scientific instruments, through which he will study the surface and atmosphere of Mars, and in particular the level of measurements of methane – one of the key indicators that point to the possibility of microbial life – in the Martian atmosphere.

Recall that recently to the orbit of the Red Planet also got a new spacecraft NASA Maven.


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