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Internet for all human beings 2020
Internet for all human beings 2020
By: Thaer Soukar , director of digital strategies in the Arab Sky News channel
“Every person who uses the Internet offset people do not يستخدمانها. By the end of this decade, will connect all of the Internet on the ground. ” This review appeared last April on Google Plus page with President Google CEO Eric Schmidt, who added: “Consider the splendor of the Internet now with two billion users, and then imagine how much will become the coolest when nearly the number of users of five billion a user”.
The least that can be said that the words of Schmidt, where some exaggeration and overstatement, and it is impossible to be realized sayings entirety, but his statement is consistent undoubtedly with the way of thinking Google unique method that delivers it to what we have reached, and make it one of the largest and most capable of innovation and development in the the world.
More importantly, that Schmidt had called that a strong statement unless it is based on where certain information by virtue of being one of the most important pioneers of “Silicon Valley.” Most probably, it is familiar with the projects and plans made him say what he said. But keep the phrase “both on the ground” elusive, there are millions of people in Africa do not have enough to eat and a silent hunger, and people in South America have never heard of the technology yet, but if Schmidt intended in his term to deliver the Internet to all the people of the world in terms of service availability regardless of their ability to use them.
Let’s look a bit at the possibility of turning to see Schmidt interesting to a reality within seven years from now, as he put it.
Google made no secret intention days and permanent quest to provide Internet services to the largest possible segment of people in various parts of the earth. According to several reports that it is already working on the development of wireless networks in sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia depending on the solutions include network “blanks eggs” White-Space Network, or “super Wi-Fi” as some like to call it, and other technical characteristic is the balloons sent wireless signals, in addition of course to the Internet technology space.
According to sources close to the corridors of decision-making within the Internet giant that Google designed to build and deploy wireless networks in emerging markets in the framework of a plan designed to enable an additional billion people connect to the Internet.
Provide Google now wireless Internet in South Africa and other regions across the technology “blanks eggs between waves broadcast television,” It is logical to think of expanding its efforts in this context, and maybe the Internet space another option fits some remote rural areas where there are no infrastructure .
Based technology called “white spaces” on the frequencies unused TV channels on the wave “UHF” within the UHF spectrum band that does not need a license to use it, ie, it is not owned by any telecommunications company. It is expected that the spread of this technology during the current year in the framework of the project named air.u, and great support from Internet giants: Google and Microsoft. This technique would make up the shortfall in technology “Wi-Fi” that does not exceed a range cent meters, with a range of up to technology “white spaces” to 160 kilometers. Also characterized not affected by barriers such as buildings and trees.
And operate both Microsoft and Google with the telecom regulatory authorities in Kenya and South Africa to adopt a technology called “white spaces” in order to provide the Internet in remote rural areas and the removal of barriers that stand in front of people interested in providing Internet services there. Each of the two companies funded projects to create and test wireless networks operate across the television airwaves in the United States and abroad.
However, the advantage of this technology requires making changes in portable devices in general, and operators have electronic chips, which prompted some companies, such as Texas Instruments competent chipset industries, to embark on the production of equipment supports the “white spaces.”
Google searching as well as ways to cooperate with local telecommunications companies and equipment providers in some emerging markets in order to develop these networks, in addition to the establishment of the supported business models. Taking place at the same time talks with the Telecommunications Regulatory bodies in countries such as South Africa and Kenya to allow them to use the television airwaves. It is expected that their insight light during the next few years.
As for the use of airships Google has refused to comment on the grounds that it usually does not comment on rumors and speculation. The Wall Street Journal published a report last April stating that Google has developed a special balloons capable of transmitting radio signals to an area of hundreds of square miles.
Perhaps what makes this rumor implausible that the technique itself is viable, but it has been used by multiple types of wireless communication, mostly for military purposes. The more than a communications engineer and networks that use of airships in the deployment of wireless Internet possible. And two decades ago the United States were used technique relies on balloons which launched propaganda against the then Cuban President Castro broadcast to Cuba via a television station backed by the U.S. government called “TV Marti.” The balloon was then tied to the land across the cable length of 10 thousand feet.
Apart from the military, being a company Oceus Networks talks with FCC FCC about the possibility of the use of high-flying balloons for the delivery of the fourth-generation LTE signals to relief and emergency workers in the affected areas.
Apparently Google’s goal is to deliver the Internet to live outside the big cities, relying on a combination of frequencies used in broadcast television, and special balloons operate across other frequencies, and may also add to satellite broadcasting techniques. That is, they will not rely on one of the technology in order to achieve its goal, but will adopt a range of options to achieve the greatest possible spread in different countries and markets.
The reasons behind the enthusiasm Google severe approach to the promotion base of Internet users around the world, it may be clear and logical. In short, more Internet users means more users to the famous search engine and other services such as Gmail, YouTube and Google Play, and Google Plus. And the growth of Internet users means growing online advertising market, which constitute more than 85% of Google’s revenues of $ 50 billion per year. It remains to point out that the proportion of today’s Internet uses up to two-thirds of the world’s population, mostly in developing countries.
On the other hand, the wireless networks that seek Google for its establishment and to make use can help them to circumvent the telecom companies exerted considerable pressure on them, especially in the United States and Europe, and collide with the pretext that Google reap huge profits on the back of their networks, in the words of telecommunications companies . But as long as those pressures raised fears Google and concerned about the possibility of their impact on Web services provided by networks of these companies.
Google has taken practical steps in that direction, as published fiber-optic cables to deliver broadband Internet and video to homes in the state of Kansas, and plans to do the same thing in other states, such as Missouri, Texas and Utah, among others. And also plans to launch networks “Wi-Fi” high-performance in those markets to allow for all the use of mobile devices to connect to the Internet in public places.
In the same vein, Google supports a project called “experts Without Borders” Geeks Without Frontiers, which is a nonprofit group founded ten years ago, donates computers and technological equipment to the residents of poor areas around the world. And is currently focused on Mexico, Central America, and Africa. Its mission is to deliver wireless internet access to places where there are no traditional wired Internet.
For its part, Samsung supports special projects is to convert old shipping containers into classrooms with Internet services, and solar-powered, published then in different places of the African countries.
Google is counting too much on the spread of mobile devices and “Mobile Web” in order to achieve its objectives. In Africa, for example, mobile phone users than users of electricity in terms of numbers. In South Africa, Google says that 25% of the searches on the Internet during working days are made through mobile devices, while the percentage rises to 65% during the weekend.
It is noteworthy that the one-day witness activation of more than a million and a half million mobile device running Android which is owned by Google and supported. The company plays an important role in providing low-cost smart phones able to connect to the Internet, and the famous running operation, which helped her to overcome Apple in the smartphone market with a share of 53% this year, compared to 36% for Apple.
It should be noted in conclusion that the newly Schmidt put his new book, “The digital age the new” The New Digital Age, titled sub remarkable: “re-shaping the future of the peoples, nations and businesses.” And presents the book – which he co-wrote Jared Cohen, director of ideas with Google – important questions about the changes that may occur in the world if the number of Internet users in it to five billion users, and the consequent effects on social, political and economic, in the light of the continued the flow of modern devices and low cost of Web services and the openness of the world on an unprecedented partly open. The 300-page book full of important ideas for the future of the world in light of the digital boom.
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