Java programming language is 20 years old




Java consists Friday twenty years. James Gosling began in 1991, the project would lead to the programming language, but only on 23 May 1995, the language was officially released to the public. Java is one of the most popular programming languages ​​in the world.

Java began in 1991 as a project of Sun Microsystems, an established company that was taken over five years ago in 1982 by Oracle. The secret “Green Team,” whose founders Patrick Naughton, Mike Sheridan and James Gosling, had to predict future developments in the computer industry. They concluded that computers for consumers could increase enormously. The team then developed a prototype of a controller for home entertainment devices such as cable boxes. The cabinet turned on a new programming language: Oak, designed by Gosling.

Cable companies were not interested in using the technology, so the Green Team turned his attention to the fledgling Internet. That still did not have opportunities to dynamic content. Oak, whose name was changed in 1994 in Java after a trademark issue, but it could offer through the web page embedded applets. The language was therefore quickly became popular on the Web, in part because the then dominant Netscape browser supported him from the public release of Java on 23 May 1995.

Very earn accordingly in the early years was a Dutch programmer named Arthur van Hoff. He was the team responsible for the Java compiler and has had a major impact on the final specification of the language. When Java was eventually used as a language for the Web was also closely involved in it.

On the Internet, the language eventually was superseded by Adobe Flash and HTML5 and javascript later. The many platforms suitable programming found new uses in the enterprise market because of its strength and versatility. Sun continued to develop the language. Thus, the second generation Java offered the opportunity to run applets on web application servers themselves if, while mobile phones and PDAs got their own version in the form of the Java Micro Edition. In 2007, the source code of the whole language was released parts of the language after earlier were released under an open source license.

Java is used today by nine million developers; The language runs about seven billion devices. Java is one of the most widely used programming languages ​​in the world, and is used in addition to science and business purposes for computer games like Minecraft. Many Android apps are also based on Java. Oracle and Google are they remain at loggerheads in the courtroom because Google to share its own Java implementation of the acquired code and structure of Oracle APIs. That case is now before the US Supreme Court.

Oracle is now responsible for the development of Java, which is now at version 8 landed . Java 9, to be released in 2016, the language must be modular and therefore more flexible. Oracle has an online timeline put in honor of the twentieth anniversary of Java; additionally gives it until the end of this year off Java certificates for programmers.


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