Looked as the first artificial heart?




Looked as the first artificial heart?

Lung machine Mayo-Gibbon was built in 1957 and became one of the first machines that were supposed to replace the beating heart during surgery. The car was almost two meters high and one meter wide. Task unit was saturate the blood with oxygen as it flows through the body.





Blood pump Carrel-Lindbergh was invented around 1935. His task was to preserve the organs of animals, pumping “artificial blood” in organs through glass tubes connected to arteries body.


Total artificial heart AbioCor, founded in 2001, became the first electrohydraulic artificial heart implanted in a human.


Total artificial heart Jarvik-7 was used as the first full-bridge for organ transplants – the device temporarily replaces the missing heart of a mechanical pump. Excursion to the Museum held a resource Wired.

When you hear the term “artificial heart”, you’ll likely come to mind certain images. Perhaps this is a plastic piece with fake ventricles, sticking out of it, and perhaps it is close to what the Tin Woodman received during his trip to Oz. But the funny thing in the history of artificial hearts that they do not like the heart.

As we have already mentioned , there is a funny paradox: if you grow a brain bank and will act on it with the help of stimuli, he will consider himself part of a person. In his “gray matter” does not come even thought about the fact that he is in the bank. Likewise, at the dawn of medical devices was difficult to distinguish from artificial heart baskets from the supermarket. Science remembers a lot of strange constructions, which in different periods of history have attempted to duplicate the function of the beating heart. National Museum of American History has collected a good collection, looking at that, we can get a small dose of endorphins.

Smithsonian University began collecting artificial heart in the 50-ies of the last century, to watch the growth of technology. Collection did not show until the end of the 80s, until we realized that many of the inventors of the first artificial hearts are already in a fairly advanced age.

“We wanted to capture the story through the eyes of pioneers before they are all gone,” – said Judy Chelnik, associate curator of science and medicine.

The most famous of the first artificial hearts, most likely become an artificial blood supply apparatus Mayo-Gibbon, was first developed by John Gibbon in the late 40s and later updated by doctors at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

Being more like a picnic basket, clumsy metal device two meters high and a meter wide was the first machine, which was a beating heart during surgery. It is covered handles and sensors, and also contains a high proportion similar to the accordion, which is the artificial light, saturating the blood as it passes through the body.


Artificial heart Dodrill-GMR was created in 1952 by General Motors, which explains its similarity with the engine V8.

And if you look further, you can see the grandfather of artificial heart – a creation of Charles Lindbergh. Despite the fact that Charles was known for his daring flight across the Atlantic in 1927, the pilot assumes actual responsibility for what is considered the first artificial heart.

Founded in 1935 with Dr. Alexis Carrel, the device is a blood pump that was used to preserve organs of animals by pumping “artificial blood” in the body through the glass tubes that were connected to the artery body. An object that looks more like a well-known device for smoking, was 17 inches in height. Time magazine named him “artificial heart” when this thing appeared on the cover of the book in 1938.

Dozens more hearts in the collection have been designed so that no resemblance to the heart. As noted Chelnik, “at first glance they may seem computers IBM. And it would not be unreasonable if you know that they really have been developed under the supervision of the computer giant. ”

Scientists and doctors are still working to create the perfect artificial heart, but it was 50-60 years gave great impetus to the development of this area. The question “why?” Chelnik says the following:

“Things came together with science, so people became more interested in science. People say that if we can go to the moon , and then be able to build an artificial heart. ”

With the success of medicine in the field of 3D-printing there is a serious likelihood that in the near future will be the heart stamped individually. What do you think, when it becomes available?
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