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NASA celebrates fifty years of missions to Mars
For NASA in 2015 a special year. It is exactly fifty years ago that the US space agency began sending satellites to Mars. NASA and NASA is not if there is no epic movie is involved to celebrate.
The first satellite that NASA sent to the red planet was Mariner 4. The space agency launched the unmanned spacecraft to Mars in 1965. The purpose of the mission was to take pictures of the planet. Did the Mariner 4 investigation into the radiation belts on the planet.
Ten years later, the United States put the Viking Program on rope. This would allow the country to the then Soviet Union trump. The land, which is already several missions to Mars had on it, ran as regards technology behind the Americans and had given up hope of greater success.
The Viking program consisted of two spacecraft: an orbiter, which had to go to Mars orbit, and landing module either the lander. Both devices, respectively, the Viking 1 and Viking 2, proved successful. The program NASA received the first color pictures of Mars. Also received inside information about the organization include dust storms and pressure changes.
More recent missions include those from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a satellite in orbit around Mars and camera equipment is on board for creating stunning images. Furthermore, there is for example the Phoenix lander, which model is a new spacecraft and Curiosity.
Curiosity did this year made some amazing discoveries. They took the scout marks that suggested acidic water on the red planet. And late last year discovered Curiosity still a few signs that life on Mars has been possible in the past.
After fifty years, the NASA missions to Mars far from over. Indeed, the scientists step up their research whilst ‘competitors’ also a place trying to claim. Next year begins a new NASA mission, Insight, and in 2020 another, the 2020 Mars Rover. The intention is to go somewhere after 2030 the first humans to MarsViewing:-147
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