NASA sets launch Orion capsule for manned long-haul travel – update




Thursday afternoon, space agency NASA’s Orion capsule would launch a Delta IV Heavy launcher, but the launch was postponed. The test capsule should circling twice around the earth in order to ascertain whether the spacecraft for manned space flights.

Thursday afternoon, the launch site from Cape Canaveral in Florida, but the launch time of 13:05 was not achieved because first a boat the prohibited zone around the launch input while then threw a spanner in the wind. At 13.55 NASA wanted to try again but that launch was delayed because of the wind. After several successive postponements, NASA has decided to postpone the launch until Friday.

The space capsule is supported by the Delta IV Heavy rocket from United Launch Alliance. The launcher must Orion bring to an altitude of 5,700 kilometers from the earth, and the unmanned capsule two rounds will make the earth. After four hours and 23 minutes, the part where the astronauts will take place back to earth, to land finally in the Pacific. In the capsule are a large number of sensors are present to measure the conditions during the trip, such as the amount of radiation, the temperature and the pressure. On that basis, NASA analyzes how the test capsule is already suitable for manned travel.

NASA Orion NASA Orion

NASA Orion NASA Orion

The Orion can be seen as the successor to the Space Shuttle, but unlike the shuttle, which has since been retired, the capsule used parachutes to land while the Space Shuttle as a plane was landing. The shape of the capsule is conical because the vessel thereby more aerodynamic, firmer and better capability to withstand the pressure and heat at his retreat through the atmosphere. The design thus resembles the old Apollo capsule. Orion consists of three parts: a service module at the bottom, above the Crew Module with space for astronauts and top of the Launch Abort System including parachutes.

The Orion is designed to make long manned space flights. For such operations can take place up to four astronauts in the capsule, but for shorter flights, as to the ISS, there are up to six. According to NASA’s Orion should even used to be manned trips to Mars and asteroids. The next test of Orion will only take place in 2018.

Update, 15:35: Information added that the launch has been postponed until Friday.

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