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Nine technologies that are sure to change the world
Nine technologies that are sure to change the world
We live in an era of rapid change. Technologies are changing faster than many of us – and many of us can not cope with this. At the same time, so you can immerse yourself in the brilliant vision of the future, it’s easy not to notice the striking things that are already happening today in the field of science and technology. Fortunately, we keep you informed. Below you will find nine half-forgotten or misunderstood technologies that can drastically change the world, to which you are so accustomed to.
1. Quick and inexpensive DNA sequencing
Most of us know about DNA sequencing, but you can hardly imagine how quick and inexpensive it becomes. Some experts believe that the sequencing follows its own Moore’s Law. As noted by Adrian Burke, genome sequencing speed increases more than doubled every two years since 2003. Then the procedure was worth $ 3.8 billion. Today, thanks to advances in nucleic acid chemistry, a company like Life Technologies can handle DNA on a semiconductor chip for only $ 1000. Other companies can be sequenced genome sequence in one day. The consequences could be enormous, up to create medicines specifically for your genome. Say goodbye to pills-that-heal-all-end.
2. Digital Currency
The idea of digital currency gradually eroding and build on momentum, including Bitcoin , but what many of us do not realize is that it is here to stay. Of course, as always, better luck next time. However, when it is created and distributed, electronic currency will create a convenient and effective online exchanges – all without the need for the existence of banks annoying. Despite the obvious need for common digital protocol exchange, the level of acceptance is quite low. Entry barriers include availability (until it is limited support), problems with cryptography (public still need to make sure it is safe), the establishment of a recognized and reliable trading system and trust of the users (when first introduced paper money, it is also a problem).
In 1971, the University of California at Berkeley Leon Chua predicted revolution electrical circuits, and his prognosis finally realized. Traditional schemes are constructed with capacitors, resistors and inductors. But Chua suggested that perhaps a fourth component – the memristor (short for “memorial resistor”). In the Russian translation is also called a memristor – short for the resistor and the charge flow. Unlike this innovative technology that resistor can “remember” a charge even after the power is turned off. As a result, it allows memristor memristors or store information. There are suggestions that the memristor can become part of the computer’s memory – including non-volatile solid-state memory, which is much denser than traditional hard drives. First memristor was developed in May 2008 by HP, which plans to release a commercial version in late 2014. And unlike data storage memristors may be useful in signal processing, neural networks, and brain-computer interfaces.
4. Robots that are doing incredible things
Today we have robots that can replicate itself, to be recompiled to change the form, create a swarm, disappear and reappear, to build other robots crawling snake, jump on the building to serve mules and work faster than humans. They even have their own online. Gather it all together priplyusuet recent purchase Google and realize that we are in the midst of a robotic revolution that will change almost everything.
Imagine being able to convert all our garbage into something useful like fuel. And no, wait, we can do it. This is called “energy recovery from wastes” – a process that typically involves the production of electricity or biofuel (methane, methanol, ethanol, or a synthetic fuel) by incineration. Cities such as Edmonton, already do this and increase the scale. The following year, factory waste Edmonton turn 100,000 tons of municipal solid waste into 38 million liters of biofuel per year. Moreover, their idea could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 60% compared to gasoline. This is largely smells revolution. By the way, Sweden imports waste from neighboring European countries to feed them their energy channels.
6. Gene Therapy
Although we are in the midst of the biotechnology revolution, our attention is still focused on such things as stem cells, tissue engineering, mapping the genome and new drugs. The discussions often overlook the fact that we have an opportunity to get into their own DNA and genes to change, for example. Or add an extra chromosome – if you really want (I hope the joke is understood). We can replace the bad genes for good that will allow us to proactively treat diseases (such as muscular dystrophy and cystic fibrosis) without drugs and scalpel. Ultimately, gene therapy may lead to genetic improvements (for example, to increase the amount of memory or intelligence) and prolong life.
7. RNA interference
Discovery of RNA interference (RNAi) seemed so significant that thanks to him, Andrew Fire and Craig C. Mello won the Nobel Prize in 2006. Like gene therapy, RNA interference allows biologists to manipulate the functions of genes. Today RNA interference is used in thousands of laboratories. It has become an indispensable research tool (for creating new cell culture), inspired the creation of new algorithms in computational biology and has enormous potential for the treatment of diseases such as cancer and Lou Gehrig.
8. Organic Electronics
Usually we think cyborgs those with natural organic parts are replaced by mechanical devices or prostheses. Concept polucheloveka-polumashiny ingrained in our thinking, but for the most part incorrect. Thanks to the flourishing of the nascent field of organic electronics is more likely that we will alter the biological system of the body and to introduce new organic components. Even today, scientists have developed a cybernetic tissue that can feel the environment. Other researchers have invented a chemical scheme that can transmit electric charge instead of neurotransmitters. And as suggested by Mark Cengiz, people of the future will all use all the powers of their biological structure.
9. Concentrated sunlight
One of the latest innovations in solar energy technology is taking the world by storm, though few people know about it at all. It’s called concentrated solar energy (concentrated solar power, CSP) and represents a major system to extract solar energy from the mirrors and lenses. It works by focusing the incoming sunlight to one area. The result is a highly scalable and efficient energy source. The most curious thing is that in the theory of such systems could easily solve most of the world’s problems with energy.
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