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Obama defended the network neutrality
US President Barack Obama called on the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to establish “the toughest possible rules that protect net neutrality,” reports The Wall Street Journal. This is a principle prohibiting Internet providers to discriminate among sites (or blocking, for example, slowing down the access to them), as compared with others. Remarks by the President is published on the website of the White House.
“We can not allow providers to limit the terms of access to services or self-nominate the best and worst providers of services and ideas on the Internet,” – said in a statement the Obama administration.
Net neutrality – the principle of providing the impossibility of granting special conditions to those providers or other services or sites. In particular this applies to the download speed information. Providers are required to provide the same speed of access to all sites, not making a choice in favor of larger ones.
FCC inclined to to share Internet providers in two categories – “retail” that serve end-users, and “wholesale”, allow traffic on the networks of other operators. These recent FCC proposes to regulate on the same principle that the public enterprises and public utilities, in particular, the Commission wants to get right to inspect these providers deal with media companies – content providers.
Obama believes that all ISPs should be legally equated with utility companies, because “the Internet has become the overwhelming majority of Americans are an essential part of everyday communications and everyday life.” In such a case, according to the American President, Internet access should be recognized in the same inalienable public good, such as water or electricity.
The debate about “network neutrality” long and are in Russia. MTS back in 2010 promised to establish billing, the ability to distinguish types of Internet content and to charge them separately. Later, the operator applied to the Ministry of Communications and Roscomnadzor with a proposal to pay attention to the activities of VoIP-services such as Skype. MTS Vice President of Corporate and Legal Affairs Ruslan Ibragimov complained that such projects are increasingly competing with operators and their activities are not regulated. MTS would be pleased if the regulator considered the relevance of VoIP-services to Russian license requirements: must determine their status as market participants. However, Roscomnadzor replied that he saw no possibility of any license Skype, or any other way to regulate its work in Russia.
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