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project Martian colony of basalt from Russian architects
I think that those who know will agree that building a home is still the hassle. Now imagine that you need to build a home and not just anywhere, but let’s say on Mars! However, Dmitry Zhuykova, Arina Aheeva and Krasimir Kraseva of a small young German architect’s company has a suitable solution to this problem, which makes it relatively safely and economically with the help of robots to build beneath the surface of Mars is a special dugout and then populate them in the first colonists.
The main idea of the project is that all the primary job of building the first houses on Mars autonomous robots can be charged and used with practically only local natural resources . In particular – basalt.
The study of Martian rovers NASA has shown that most of the Martian surface is composed of basaltic rocks. This breed has good insulating properties, and the construction of underground facilities (along with other technologies) can be a great way to protect against radiation. In addition, the construction of the underground structure of the material available on the planet will significantly reduce the cost of space flight: carry heavy building materials that would be needed to create a “Martian cement”, with the Earth in such a case does not have to.
Construction of underground structures on Mars would have to take autonomous robots drillers, which sent a rocket from Earth. These robots will look equally remote area with basalt columns (something like we have in the world and is located in the Irish countryside, which bears the name of the Giant’s Causeway). Then, after a suitable analysis areas each robot will drilling certain area between these pillars, until it reaches a desired depth and diameter. Space is formed between the posts, and themselves basalt columns, in turn, will perform the role of columns (or piles, if you want). The accumulation of these columns recently been discovered orbiting satellite Martian NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in the walls of one of the craters near the canal system Marte Vallis. In this revised Martian soil will emerge on top, speaking at the same time protect the future of the roof and settlers from the Martian dust storms.
By the arrival at Mars, the first Martian colonists underground shelter is almost ready for use. Such a system of caves can then be divided into industrial, agrokulturnogo, public and residential areas, to establish in them life-support systems, power supplies, electricity production and water filtration, doors, windows, and so on. In addition, due to the heat treatment (1500 degrees Celsius) of basaltic rocks can be done roving special thread, which you can then pull on the principle of the web between the basalt columns and used as a sort of suspended bridges.
To be honest, the idea of such underground structures seems pretty interesting. However, this raises two questions. First, for the production of roving require a very large amount of energy. And while it is not clear how its production in the Martian environment will look like in practice. And second, while the end is not clear principle Martian agricultures. In the words of designers, some Martian soil suitable for growing certain crops. In the vision of ZA Architects is a culture of asparagus. Architects believe that the presence of a source of water, oxygen and food production capabilities make the Martian colony is completely independent from the insanely expensive supplies from Earth. Sounds too good to be true.
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Tags: Future , Life on Mars , Mars .
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