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Robodoktor to the rescue: NASA to send robotic surgeon in space
NASA is developing a humanoid robot to perform medical procedures, including operations on the International Space Station – and perhaps on the road to Mars. Robot called Robonaut 2 is currently being tested and developed in Houston Methodist Research Institute.
Dr. Zsolt Garami instructor Institute, spoke with Computerworld and told me that on the space station already has a robot that can perform simple tasks such as pressing buttons. However, he said that Robonaut can serve another, more serious purpose than its predecessor – to act as a nurse or doctor.
“Our motivation has gained strength when we saw each other astronauts carried ultrasound alone. Why not help the robot? On the space station already has a robot and he has shown he can be trusted. Why not make it a doctor or nurse? ”
Robonaut 2, or R2 – it’s twin robot R2, which took on board the International Space Station in 2011.
It took about 11 years to build a robot for 2.5 million dollars, which runs on 38 processors PowerPC. These processors include 36 embedded chips that control joints in the hands and feet.
Garami said that he is confident that the robot will have no problems on the ISS because he is faster and more agile than people.
“I coached him for an hour, and he showed himself to be more capable than the students with whom I worked during the week, and he learns really fast,” – said Garami press release NASA.
The video shows the robot ultrasonic inspection dummy and shows how to use the syringe is injected.
“His movements are very precise and gentle hands did not tremble. Any sudden movements. ”
Studies show that robots better spend some surgery than men.
Study by the University of Maryland in 2008 showed that patients who underwent minimally invasive heart bypass assisted robot spent less time in the hospital, quickly rose to their feet and had fewer complications than patients who underwent conventional surgery.
Garami wants Robonaut once became a space surgeon.
“Let’s say you send two people to Mars, and one of them needed urgent medical attention. Astronaut need help, but video is interrupted for 15-20 minutes. They are left alone with no connection to the Earth. I think, Robonaut could help them. ”
While Robonaut does not perform surgery, but he is almost ready to do artificial respiration.
Furthermore, Garami believes that Robonaut can be useful on Earth, such as the military. Instead send nurses or physicians in combat conditions, Robonaut alone can render a soldier from hazardous conditions and provide him with medical care.
“In fact, we are just beginning to explore this opportunity here on earth, and to be done a lot of work before you go into space.”
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Tags: NASA , International Space Station , Robotics .
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