Problem rover NASA, which will go to Mars in 2020, it is extremely difficult: the search for signs of life. The unit will go to replace rover “Kyuriositi”, which landed at Gale Crater, where billions of years ago could live life. Now, as we have already mentioned, the scientific community NASA determines the place , which is the best for the future Mars rover missions.

NASA representatives have identified 50 potential sites for planting in May. Now they are studying these potential landing sites, in particular, for the altitude or rocky.

“This mission has a different objective than” Kyuriositi “because life will search for and collection of samples, – said Michael Meyer, a spokesman for NASA. – Thus, even those four potential landing sites, which took place the previous selection, including Gale Crater, will not work for 2020, despite the fact that very interesting. ”

Mission 2020 will be built on the design of highly successful rover “Kyuriositi” which landed on the Red Planet almost two years ago and since then is a continuous activity. New rover will be equipped with more sophisticated equipment and modernized with new tools for geological assessment of the landing site, identify potential habitable environments and direct search for signs of ancient Martian life.

Scientists will use the Mars 2020 (working title) to select and assemble a collection of rocks and soil samples that will be stored until they are returned to Earth during the upcoming missions.

Mars in 2020 will also help to increase our knowledge about how future researchers in the face of people will be able to use the natural resources available on the surface of the Red Planet. Opportunity of settling the Martian land will completely change the future exploration of the planet. Designers of future human expeditions can use this mission to understand the risks posed by the Martian dust, as well as technology demonstrations, processing atmospheric carbon dioxide into oxygen. These experiments will help engineers learn how to use Martian resources to produce oxygen for breathing, and potentially use it as an oxidizer for rocket fuel.

“Rover in 2020 will help to answer questions about the Martian environment with which to face the astronauts and test technologies that will be needed for planting, study and return to the Red Planet – says William Gerstenmaier, associate administrator for human exploration and mission operations in NASA Headquarters . – Mars has the resources necessary to sustain life, which can significantly cut down the amount of equipment that will have to carry. A better understanding of the Martian dust and weather will provide valuable data for planning future missions to Mars. Experiments on ways to use these resources greatly facilitate our exploration of Mars. ”


2020 rover will carry seven carefully selected tools for unprecedented research on the Red Planet. In his backpack are:

Mastcam-Z, advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic ability to capture and expandable. The tool will also determine the mineralogy of the Martian surface and to facilitate transactions with rover.

SuperCam, a tool that can provide visualization, analysis of the chemical composition and mineralogy. It is also able to detect the presence of organic compounds in rocks and regolith distance.

PIXL, planetary tool for X-ray litohimii, X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, which will be equipped with high-resolution imager to determine the elemental composition of the small-sized surface of Mars. PIXL provides more detailed detection and analysis of chemical elements than previously possible.

SHERLOC, spectrometer, which will provide a small-scale survey and uses an ultraviolet laser to determine the mineralogy and small-scale detection of organic compounds. SHERLOC will be the first Raman spectroscopy, which will fly to Mars.

MOXIE, experimental technology that will produce oxygen from carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere.

MEDA, a set of sensors that provide temperature measurement, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, shape and size of dust.

RIMFAX, penetrating into the ground radar, which will provide a survey of geological structures and depths of up to a centimeter.

Tools will be available on the Mars rovers, which will be identical to “Kyuriositi” sent to Mars in 2012. Using a proven system and the landing gear of the rover, scientists will be able to minimize the costs and risks associated with sending a new rover. At the same time will be quite capable rover.

Not so long ago, “Kyuriositi” said the Martian surface on anniversary – 687 Earth days – to fulfill its main goal : to determine whether Mars could in the past have favorable for development of microbial life environment.


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