Supplies of water on Mars NASA exceeded expectations




Supplies of water on Mars NASA exceeded expectations

Space-terrain vehicle “Kyuriositi” found strong evidence of life on Mars. Last week NASA reported that the analysis of the powder obtained by drilling a Martian rock, showed that in the past the Red Planet’s environment provides favorable conditions for the development of microorganisms. Materials presented yesterday made it clear that close to the place where they found clay minerals are stone deposits with minerals containing water. Thus, the conditions for the existence of Martian life beyond the area to which you are drilling.

Located on board the rover infrared camera and neutron gun, designed for sampling in order to determine the hydrogen content, helped researchers discover more water-related minerals near shale than in places that are “Kyuriositi” visited before.

Camera Mastcam (Mast Camera) is used by the rover as a tool for the detection of water-bearing minerals.

“With near-infrared filters Mastcam can locate and map out some of the iron-containing rocks and minerals”

– Says Jim Bell of the University of Arizona.

Varying intensities may indicate the presence on the surface of Mars hydrated minerals. The same method was used to search for rocks in the Yellowknife Bay, where “Kyuriositi” drilled the first hole on Mars . Some breeds have had visible veins.

“With the Mastcam we see an increased level of hydration in the narrow veins of most species in this area. Bright streaks indicate hydrated minerals, which are different from the clay minerals in the surrounding rocks rocky ”

– Melissa Rice said of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

Tool Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN) Russian-made rover found under hydrogen in water molecules contained in the minerals.

According to the deputy project scientist for DAN Maxim Litvak of the Institute for Space Research, on the route from the point of landing to Yellowknife Bay observed increase in the water content in the soil. This is evidenced by the changing signals.

Canadian Tool Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) on the “hand”, “Kyuriositi” determined that the processes taking place in a wet environment of Mars, which led to the formation of clay in the study area, are seriously affected the overall chemical composition of local breeds.

The elemental composition (silicon, aluminum, magnesium and iron) section, which drilled the rover indicates basalt, the most common igneous rocks on the Red Planet. Basalt is the starting material for sedimentary rocks, which have been involved with “Kyuriositi.”

“The chemical composition of rocks in the Yellowknife Bay seriously is not changed”

– Confirmed member of the scientific team Curiosity Marek Schmidt of Canadian University Brock.

Apparently, the sedimentary rocks in the Yellowknife Bay occur by destroying indigenous basalt, fragments of which are moved from place to place and are deposited in the form of particles with altered by water mineralogical composition.

“Kyuriositi” is part of the Mars Science Laboratory Project of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Before rover aims to explore the area inside Gale Crater to find conditions favorable for life on Mars.

Tags: NASA , Water , Life on Mars , Kyuriositi , Mars .


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