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The melting of Arctic sea ice will result in global economic disaster
New research suggests that Arctic thawing the frozen terrain would cause serious damage to the world economy. Analysts carried out the necessary calculations and report that this phenomenon will result in the global economy $ 60 trillion. Scientists attribute this to the fact that the melting of Arctic sea ice in the atmosphere stand out a huge amount of methane that contribute to rapid global warming and as a result – many different natural disasters.
“We estimate that the melting of Arctic sea ice in store for the world not only environmental but also a financial disaster, due to the fact that the Arctic is one of the key elements in the functioning of various natural systems, such as the oceans and the climate” – the researchers wrote in the journal Nature .
“The mere melting of permanent ice in the East Siberian Sea and evolved as a result of this methane will cost the world economy at least $ 60 trillion. The general performance loss when the Arctic environment will be even more disastrous “- continue to escalate the atmosphere of scientists.
The researchers note that most would fall under attack developing countries. Experts believe that in addition to extreme changes in the climate, will be celebrated the fall of the average health of the population and the decline in agricultural production. Developed countries face is the same problems, but with only one difference – these countries will be better prepared for this kind of disaster.
Scientists estimate that the thick ice crust in the Arctic contains about 50 gigatons of methane gas. This release of the gas can occur within the next 50 years, or overnight. And that’s just about the second scenario, the researchers note, people should be most concerned about.
“The sharp release of huge amounts of methane will be more disastrous and will push for more rapid temperature changes than in a situation where the gas will be released gradually,” – the scientists explain.
It is now believed that 30 percent of the world’s reserves of gas and 13 per cent from all the world’s oil is just under the Arctic ice. Many oil and gas companies are looking for ways to explore the region. In their view, if human society is able to reach those hidden reserves, there will be an unprecedented economic growth.
In turn, “green” believe that the costs that will be associated with the violation of the natural habitat in this area in any way will not be able to compensate for the benefit of drilling.
Still, there is something in this world is eternal: as long as some people think about environmental catastrophes, there are always those who want to earn some money.
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Tags: Arctic , Ecology .
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