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The probe-penetrator for “obstrelivaniya” of planets and moons almost ready
Thanks to modern technology, you can send people to the moon , Mars rovers and probes for the limits of our solar system . Unfortunately, the cost of these projects is too high, and humanity can not afford to send multiple robots for the study of distant celestial bodies. However, scientists can help penetrator (percussion penetration probe), the successful testing of which is currently reported British engineers Rapid Space Technologies.
This device is used for space exploration, and includes several parts. Penetrator is a kind of carrier rocket carrying on board a huge number of sensors and instruments, and its main goal is distant celestial bodies, in which he will crash.
Penetrator is in development for more than 10 years and offers a number of advantages compared to similar spacecraft, which needs a “soft” landing on a flat surface.
At this point, the system is not yet ready to shoot directly elected astronomical object from Earth, but the penetrator can be launched from the spacecraft. Of course, at this point, there are many issues related to the payload.
In order to check the stability of the developed design, scientists launched a penetrator into the block of ice weighing 10 tons block of ice into a powder, and the body of the penetrator with the necessary tools inside remained intact. Penetrator, which is shaped like an artillery shell, until the collision has a top speed of 340 m / s. The set of on-board sensors will not only destroy the penetrator crust of ice or rocky surface of other celestial objects, but also to extract from this process a lot of useful scientific information.
To get samples of the soil of another planet penetrator not need a special drill or a laser. In the foreseeable future, it may be the first to Jupiter’s moon Europa , under the icy crust of which is salty ocean of liquid water, or lunar craters. After the news from Lake Vostok probability of the existence of life on Europa is great.
Currently this development became interested in the European Space Agency, which has committed itself to financing the project. Unfortunately, these promising probes are not mentioned in either the approved space mission, so their future is very vague.
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Tags: Probe , Penetrator .
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