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There’s nothing like fireworks in the performance of the Sun
At every holiday, be it the City Day and New Year’s, people are watching to see how tons of money fly away into the sky as fireworks, beautifully torn into hundreds of fragments and brightly illuminating the night sky. Impressively, we will not argue. But nature still knows how to do it better.
We could not pass this collection compiled by the magazine Wired, and do not share with you. We hope you enjoy it.
Sun – is a huge bunch of uncontrolled plasma with an ever-changing and chaotic surface temperature. It is difficult to predict the behavior of the sun boils and produces the strongest explosions known as solar flares or coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Although they look and it looks like it’s not the same thing. The flash occurs when the surface of the sun produces a powerful burst of energy, producing energy equivalent to ten million eruption of volcanoes. VCR, on the other hand, an explosion of charged particles at speeds shoots sun 1.8 million kilometers per hour and damaging satellites and even power lines in the world. CMEs are often, but not always, accompanied by a solar flare, and find out exactly how to relate these two phenomena – one of the tasks of heliophysics.
Although it flashes, and the VCR can occur at any time, often they occur during the peak of the natural cycle of the sun. We wrote about it in the same place showed a huge hole on the Sun. Activity of the sun varies by increasing over the 11-year period. During solar minimum, a period of less activity, sun spots disappear, and large events are rare. During solar maximum, the period of which we are now entering, the surface of the sun is covered by sunspots and flares and CMEs occur frequently. But make no mistake, as in the maximum and minimum in solar activity, space is a dangerous environment for people and space objects.
Last solar maximum was in 2000. If you read carefully, now you probably think that the peak of solar activity was to come in 2011. Even NASA scientists thought so. However, for unknown reasons, the Sun remained very quiet. Recent evidence suggests that the peak of solar activity should happen this summer, but this one is not sure for sure. It seems that this peak will be the quietest in the century.
But this does not mean that solar flares and CMEs are not available. Let’s see how the Sun congratulates the people own fireworks.
Perfect CME was thrown out on the sun more than 5 million miles away August 31, 2012. This eruption of particles hit the Earth a couple of days later, creating spectacular auroras, which as you must know, are the result of the interaction of charged particles with the magnetic field of our planet.
You’ll see lots of pictures in this gallery, and probably thinking, “What? I’ve never seen this color of the sun. ” First, stop looking at the sun. Second, people perceive the sun as yellow as its radiation peaks in the yellow portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. But in fact, the sun emits light in the entire range, including many that we can not see (and so, when you look at the sun, it burns your eyes.)
Our group of satellites that monitor the sun, but it can capture light at various wavelengths. Data that provide satellites are helping scientists to study different aspects of the sun. Colorful fireworks on the nicer looking.
Being neither flash nor CME prominence this burst from the surface of the Sun December 31, 2012, but he did not have enough energy to fly away. He went back into the bubbling surface after expansion to 260,000 kilometers. You to understand how massive this thing is, the Earth is shown side by side for comparison (and it was still a relatively small protuberance).
Here is a solar blast from behind. March 5, 2013 there was a powerful CMEs from the Sun, not the Earth-facing. Charged particles are gone away from us, toward Mars. Venus looks like a bright spot in the lower right corner of the animation.
On this composite image shows the entire solar activity from April 2012 to April 2013. Since the Sun is ahead during the solar maximum, some areas show higher activity than the other, which is not difficult to notice at the 25 superimposed images.
The thread length of a million kilometers erupting from the bottom left of the sun in this image from December 6, 2010. These snakes, which occupy almost half of the solar muzzle, not the strangest thing. More strange it may seem strange color of the sun, which is to shoot in extreme ultraviolet spectrum to better study the details of the thread.
This incredibly bright solar flare on the Sun appeared in April 2010. It was the biggest thread has ever recorded satellites NASA and ESA.
Bundle of filaments of plasma escaped from the surface of the Sun January 31, 2013. Smart NASA scientists decided to call him “thread tail of the dragon,” because this is what he looked like.
In May, the sun has produced three large X-class flare, one after the other. X-class flare are the most energetic flare. Below: the most intense flash animation for the entire period of observation, which occurred in 2003.
Prominence in the hundreds of millions of tons of took off from the Sun April 19, 2010 and hovered for a time above the surface, trapped in the magnetic field of the Sun. Experiencing an extreme shortage of energy to fly, prominence flopped back onto the surface of the sun, arranging local cataclysm.
A solar flare on July 7, 2011 made a lot of stuff out, some of which landed back into the abyss. Such a case of “splashdown” is rare enough, so was the Solar Dynamics Observatory captured.
Exceptional CME occurred on the Sun in May, producing a twisted mass of particles seen NASA.
What is this?
Sometimes the sun produces such strange things that no mortal fireworks will never be able to beat them. Here, for example, a giant solar tornado unfolded on the surface of the Sun in September 2011. Tornado is large enough to swallow the five lands, and consists of superheated gas with a temperature of between 90,000 and 3.6 million degrees Fahrenheit. It is believed that this phenomenon was preceded by a VCR.
During the last solar maximum of huge rain poured down on the CME particles spacecraft NASA, watching the sun. In 2000, this shot gave rise to the fourth largest radiation storm in three decades. Ionized protons and other high-energy particles are fixed CCD camera Solar and Heliospheric Observatory NASA.
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Tags: Flash in the sun , the solar system , the sun .
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