This is a must see! Unique places of Russia, which you’ve probably never




Russia – a third of Eurasia. “Dividing strip” on Europe and Asia in the country are the Ural Mountains. 24% of the area – the European part, 76% – Asian.

Continuing to travel to Russia, we go to the central area of ​​the European part of her – the Voronezh region. This region has a glorious history and is known for its chernozems. But few people know that there is a unique place, with something resembling a lost world of Conan Doyle.

Welcome to Divnogorye – edge stone Div!

Plateau Divnogorye
“Priplyhom to Quiet Pine We have seen the pillars of stone and white, red and wonderfully Well stand by, Thou stozi small, white and exceedingly bright, over the river on the pine” – so in 1389 wrote about the place where the winding Quiet Pine falls into the mighty Don traveler Ignatius Smoljaninov.

Towering above the river valley, in the midst of which are white lumps appeared to our ancestors unprecedented divom. They nicknamed her – Divnogorye. Last century, but today only as a miracle is an ancient place is not called.

Divnogorye – a steppe plateau in Liskinskom district of Voronezh region. From a geological point of view, it is a Cretaceous sediments – hard layers of chalk, covered with a thin layer of soil. This is evidence of the distant past of the Earth: formed continents, oceans parted.

Cretaceous outcrops in the form of pillars – a multimeter giants towering in different parts of the plateau. Once upon a time there were about twenty, but now there are only six. Locals call them divas.

Chalky Diva
Chalky Diva

Photo: CatTheSun / Photogenica

On the plateau a special microclimate: elevated surface heats up quickly, and hot air disperses the clouds; the weather is usually hot and dry. Surprisingly, despite these aspects of climate and soil on the territory of the plateau there are more than 40 types of unique plants and are home to rare animals.

For flora Divnogorye scientists call plateau “Reducing the Alps.” In the spring of plain full of wildflowers: spiny dogfish, Adonis, Androsace; summer becomes brownish-green. In the middle of the last century on a plateau planted windbreaks of maples and ash trees. Due to the nature of the soil and chalky little damp trees still seem young.

Plateau Divnogorye
Plateau Divnogorye
It is located at the confluence of the rivers Don and Quiet Pine
It is located at the confluence of the rivers Don and Quiet Pine
In Divnogorye unique soil
In Divnogorye unique soil

Photo: 1 , 2 , 3

No less unique and fauna of the plateau. Home to rare bustard and golden eagle, a lot of owls, larks, harriers. Of mammals can be found hare, fox, ferret.

For one only nature Divnogorskiy plateau can be considered reserved. But these places are unique and from a cultural standpoint. Remains of Khazar settlements of the IX century, the cave temples, ancient monastery and Cretaceous Divas are today museum “Divnogorye.”

What to see in Divnogorye?
Proposal to adopt the status of a reserve Divnogorye sounded at the beginning of the twentieth century. But with the advent of Soviet power on the natural and cultural values ​​of these places forgotten. The monastery, which operated there since the XVII century, closed, placing it first in a holiday home, and then hospital for TB patients.

Only in 1988, a museum was opened Divnogorye (Voronezh branch of local history). Status of the state of natural architectural and archaeological reserve museum Divnogorye received in 1991.

Currently, the area of ​​this open-air museum is about 11 square meters. km. It includes several attractions, chief among which are Mayatsky settlement and Assumption monastery with cave temples (Large and Small Diva).

Mayatsky settlement
Mayatsky settlement – is an archaeological site IX-X centuries. In those days Divnogorye Alan tribes inhabited. This semi-nomadic people founded a few settlements, cultivated floodplain land near the plateau, was engaged in pottery.

Politically, the land belonged to the Khazar Empire. Khazaria needed reliable outposts that would protect her from the oppression of the Slavs. One of these was the Mayak and settlement. Don Alans settlement was surrounded by a six-meter white stone fortress with ramparts, walls dug a deep moat.

The fortress served defensive and fiscal functions (there locals brought tribute to the Khazar Khanate). In addition, there the trade caravans to rest and change horses.

In the tenth century the fortress became subject to attacks of the Pechenegs. At the same time weakened the Khazar state. Don Alans with Khazar governors left the mound.

Archaeological Park
Archaeological Park
Residence Alan tribes
Residence Alan tribes
Gen. Alan tribes
Gen. Alan tribes

Photo: 1-3

Currently Mayatsky settlement includes remains of white stone fortresses and settlements, as well as a burial ground and Goncharsky workshops. Here you can see the found during excavations artifacts: dishes, jewelry, weapons and so on. D.

But most clearly demonstrates the life of Don Alans Archaeological Park, located near the fort. This reconstruction of the village IX-X centuries. Semi-dugouts, adobe huts similar to yurts, household items – you look and think, “Do people really lived like that?”.

Large and Small Diva
There is a beautiful legend, as if in the XII century, two Greek monks and Joasaphus Xenophon, who lived in Italy, tired of attacking Catholics, went to Russia. With them they took the icon of the Mother of God of the Sicilian. The monks came to Divnogorye saw Cretaceous poles and in one of them dug a skit.

However, there is no written evidence of this. Officially Divnogorskiy Monastery was founded in 1653 to protect it from raids of the Tatars.

The two main buildings of the monastery – cave churches in the Greater and Lesser divah.

Big Diva – a two-storey cave carved into the rock of a Cretaceous rests. It was there in 1831, according to the legend, the icon was found Sicilian Mother of God, allegedly brought by once Xenophon and Joasaph. (At the moment the script icon is lost.) After some time, the cave was taken over by Divnogorsk monastery and became a temple.

Church in Great divah
Church in Great divah
The temple is named after the Sicilian Mother of God
The temple is named after the Sicilian Mother of God
Winter and summer inside the temple the same temperature
Winter and summer inside the temple the same temperature

Photo: nikolay_safonov / Photogenica , tiplyashin / Photogenica , vlad_k / Photogenica

The church has an unusual architecture. At the first “floor” – the altar and long corridors with semicircular arches; the second – the upper room, where once lived the monks. Inside the temple, the same year-round temperature – about 12-15 ° C heat.

Next to the church – the stairs. If you go over it, it offers a magnificent view of the plateau. And the front of the temple – a spring, the water in which is considered holy.

View from Big Div
View from Big Div

Another cave church Divnogorsk monastery (Small Diva) bears the name of John the Baptist. It is smaller in size, but the inside is quite similar to the church in the Big divah.

Church in the Lesser divah
Church in the Lesser divah

Photo: Gargonia /

Generally caves in Divnogorye much more. Those who have lived here for centuries monks dug complex underground tunnels, to be able to take refuge in troubled times.

What to do in Divnogorye?
The best time to visit Divnogorye considered late spring: the plateau is filled with bright colors of flowering plants and their heady aromas. In addition, at this time is not as hot as in the summer.

Of course, the item number 1 in program activities Divnogorye – a museum visit. Since it is located in the open air, the entrance is free – you can spend hours wandering around, admiring the local beauty. But to get to the museum objects, located in the reserve, for example in the archaeological park, will have to buy a ticket. At the same time, like any institution, the museum has its hours of operation .

If you want to get inside the cave temples, you’ll need to sign up for a tour. This can be done in house administration that far from the farm Divnogorye.

Also in the administration you can buy a tour of one of the proposed routes . In this case, all the objects you hold a tour guide and tell you about the history and mythology of these places. But the price of the tour, quite frankly, bite.

Sightseeing tours Divnogorye
Sightseeing tours Divnogorye

Photo: nikolay_safonov / Photogenica

Much luck if you visit Divnogorye on days when there is a variety of events (usually the time from the beginning of May to end of August): folklore festivals, historical performances, exhibitions, open-air, and much more. As a rule, entertainment programs are held on the territory of the so-called Divnogorsk monastery (stylized mansion that serves as a site for folk festivals and workshops of artisans).

Plateau is situated on the River Quiet Pine. Coastal zone – a popular place for tourists with tents. On the shore is allowed to build fires, and in the river – fish and swim. So visit Divnogorye may be for you not only to explore the natural and cultural monuments, but also a great stay.

By the way, for fans of active pastime Reserve Museum organizes kayak rentals for rafting on Quiet Pine.

Item number 2 of the program, at least when visiting Divnogorye – Divnogorskiy canyon. It is located near the ancient city and the Mayak is a chalky ravine fancy ribbed shape depth of about 30 m. This is an awesome place for photography: you can catch more than a dozen beautiful shots.

Divnogorskiy Chalk Canyon
Divnogorskiy Chalk Canyon

Photo: nsafonov /

How to reach Divnogorye?
Divnogorye is located 80 km south of Voronezh.

Museum Address: Voronezh region, Liskinsky area, countryside Divnogorye.

Can be reached by road and rail.

By car
Distance from Voronezh to farm Divnogorye is 150 km.

If you go not on a personal car and by public transport, you will notice that the direct bus from the regional center to the farm no. You can get there from the city LISKI. Runs several daily flights (more to the schedule can be found here ). From the farm to the Liskov Divnogorye also a bus (route: LISKI – Kovalevo to farm Divnogorye; departure time: 11:15).

From Moscow to the farm Divnogorye – 650 km. The path goes along with the Federal Highway M4 (route E115). Passing Voronezh, you need to turn to LISKI, and then go through the settlements and Nikolsky Kovalevo and not reaching Selyavnogo, turn on Divnogorye.

For road transport in the Museum-Reserve is equipped with parking.

By train
From Voronezh to Divnogorye can be reached also by train. However, to go have a transplant. So, first you need to go to the station LISKI, and then to the station 143 km.

A detailed schedule of all trains have to “Yandex”.


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