United States and India signed an agreement on joint exploration of Mars and Earth




In the past month spacecraft MAVEN American space agency NASA and MOM Indian space agency successfully arrived to the orbit of Mars. And as a greeting on the accession of India as a new member of interplanetary research between the head of NASA, Charles Bolden and the head of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) K. Radhakrishanom signed a series of bilateral documents on cooperation the United States and India for further joint exploration of Mars, as well as joint space mission on Earth Observations, scheduled for the end of this decade.


Relevant agreements between the two heads of space agencies signed in Toronto at the annual gathering of the International Astronautical Congress. Under the first agreement will establish a working group of NASA-ISRO Mars, whose meeting will be held once a year. Task of the group will be to identify programs, as well as scientific and technological objectives on Mars, the decisions which will jointly agency NASA and ISRO. It is very likely that they will also consider the possibility of joint missions to the Red Planet. One example of co-operation may, for example, be a two-way transmission of information by the parties on the observation and analysis of Mars with two spacecraft MAVEN and MOM.

The second agreement binds the two nations and their space agencies NASA and ISRO on the construction of synthetic aperture radar (NISAR), the launch of which is planned for 2020. New orbiting satellite will take measurements of changes the Earth’s surface to study the effects of the environment on the motion of the Earth’s crust, its ice caps and glaciers.

To be able to carry out such work NISAR will be the first satellite to simultaneously work on two radio frequencies L- and S-bands. From words NASA, this will be monitored for earth with a unique level of accuracy and precision, up to a difference of less than one centimeter. Under the agreement, NASA promises to provide construction equipment for satellite L-band (SAR), its communication system, GPS-equipment, recording devices and subsystems for the storage of the data. In turn, the Indian agency ISRO will build the spacecraft for all the necessary equipment to operate in the S-band, and will ensure tasks on the satellite is in orbit of the planet.

“Experts from NASA and India have a long history of cooperation in space” – said John Gransfild, assistant chief of the department of science missions NASA.

“The signing of new agreements between NASA and ISRO on the study of the Earth and Mars seriously strengthen our partnership and friendship and scientific communication and allow to achieve the planned results.”


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